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Involvement of CD8+ T cell subsets in early response to vascular injury in patients with peripheral artery disease in vivo.

ABSTRACT: AIMS:Adaptive immunity is critical in vascular remodelling following arterial injury. We hypothesized that acute changes in T cells at a percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) site could serve as an index of their potential interaction with the injured vascular wall. METHODS AND RESULTS:T cell subsets were characterised in 45 patients with Rutherford 3-4 peripheral artery disease (PAD) undergoing PTA. Direct angioplasty catheter blood sampling was performed before and immediately after the procedure. PTA was associated with an acute reduction of ?/?-TcR CD8+ T cells. Further characterisation revealed significant reduction in pro-atherosclerotic CD28nullCD57+ T cells, effector (CD45RA+CCR7-) and effector memory (CD45RA-CCR7-) cells, in addition to cells bearing activation (CD69, CD38) and tissue homing/adhesion markers (CD38, CCR5). CONCLUSIONS:The acute reduction observed here is likely due to the adhesion of cells to the injured vascular wall, suggesting that immunosenescent, activated effector CD8+ cells have a role in the early vascular injury immune response following PTA in PAD patients.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6281164 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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