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Lack of IFN? signaling attenuates spread of influenza A virus in vivo and leads to reduced pathogenesis.

ABSTRACT: IFN? is a key regulator of inflammatory responses but its role in influenza A virus (IAV) pathogenesis is unclear. Our studies show that infection of mice lacking the IFN? receptor (IFN?R-/-) at a dose which caused severe disease in wild type 129?Sv/Ev (WT) mice resulted in milder clinical symptoms and significantly lower lung virus titers by 6 days post-infection (dpi). Viral spread was reduced in IFN?R-/- lungs at 2 and 4 dpi. Levels of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines were lower in IFN?R-/- mice at 2 dpi and there was less infiltration of monocyte/macrophage lineage cells than in WT mice. There was no difference in CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and alveolar macrophages in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) at 2 and 4 dpi but by 4 dpi IFN?R-/- mice had significantly higher percentages of neutrophils. Our data strongly suggest that IAV can use the inflammatory response to promote viral spread.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6286381 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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