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Spectroscopic Studies on Dual Role of Natural Flavonoids in Detoxification of Lead Poisoning: Bench-to-Bedside Preclinical Trial.

ABSTRACT: Ubiquitousness in the target organs and associated oxidative stress are the most common manifestations of heavy-metal poisoning in living bodies. While chelation of toxic heavy metals is important as therapeutic strategy, scavenging of increased reactive oxygen species, reactive nitrogen species and free radicals are equally important. Here, we have studied the lead (Pb) chelating efficacy of a model flavonoid morin using steady-state and picosecond-resolved optical spectroscopy. The efficacy of morin in presence of other flavonoid (naringin) and polyphenol (ellagic acid) leading to synergistic combination has also been confirmed from the spectroscopic studies. Our studies further reveal that antioxidant activity (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl assay) of the Pb-morin complex is sustainable compared to that of Pb-free morin. The metal-morin chelate is also found to be significantly soluble compared to that of morin in aqueous media. Heavy-metal chelation and sustainable antioxidant activity of the soluble chelate complex are found to accelerate the Pb-detoxification in the chemical bench (in vitro). Considering the synergistic effect of flavonoids in Pb-detoxification and their omnipresence in medicinal plants, we have prepared a mixture (SKP17LIV01) of flavonoids and polyphenols of plant origin. The mixture has been characterized using high-resolution liquid chromatography assisted mass spectrometry. The mixture (SKP17LIV01) containing 34 flavonoids and 76 other polyphenols have been used to investigate the Pb detoxification in mouse model. The biochemical and histopathological studies on the mouse model confirm the dual action in preclinical studies.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6288805 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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