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Cytisine-Pterocarpan-Derived Compounds: Biomimetic Synthesis and Apoptosis-Inducing Activity in Human Breast Cancer Cells.

ABSTRACT: Cytisine-pterocarpan-derived compounds were biomimetically synthesized with (-)-cytisine and (-)-maackiain via a N,N-4-dimethyl-4-aminopyridine (DMAP)-mediated synthetic strategy in a mild manner. In the present study, tonkinensine B (4) was elaborated in good and high yields with the optimized reaction conditions. The in vitro cytotoxicity of compound 4 was evaluated against breast cancer cell lines and showed that 4 had a better cytotoxicity against MDA-MB-231 cells (IC50 = 19.2 ?M). Depending on the research on cytotoxicities of 4 against RAW 264.7 and BV2 cells, it was suggested that 4 produced low cytotoxic effects on the central nervous system. Further study indicated that 4 demonstrated cytotoxic activity against MDA-MB-231 cells and the cytotoxic activity was induced by apoptosis. The results implied that the apoptosis might be induced by mitochondrion-mediated apoptosis via regulating the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 and promoting the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondrion to the cytoplasm in MDA-MB-231 cells.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6321416 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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