Interaction between TP53 and XRCC1 increases susceptibility to cervical cancer development: a case control study.
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Cervical cancer is the 4th highest cause of female reproductive tract malignancies. Multiple loci have been identified as important determinant factors for tumor susceptibility. In this report, we aimed to explore the roles of gene polymorphisms affecting x-ray repair cross complementing 1 (XRCC1), the tumor protein p53 (TP53), and fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) in the context of susceptibility to cervical cancer. Additionally, we assessed the impact of single nucleotide polymorphism-single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP-SNP) interaction of these three genes in the context of cervical cancer risk in Chinese women. METHODS:A case-control study consisted of 340 women located in Chongqing. Of these women, 121 were diagnosed with cervical cancer, 118 served as healthy controls, and 101 were specifically recruited elderly patients above the age of 80 who showed no history of cervical cancer. Three SNPs (XRCC1 rs25487, TP53 rs1042522, and FGFR3 rs121913483) were examined using mutation analysis of mismatch amplification PCR (MAMA-PCR) on samples obtained from peripheral blood. RESULTS:Our results indicated that females from southwestern China all exhibited a wild-type phenotype at FGFR3 rs121913483. We also observed that the rs25487 mutation was significantly increased within the cervical cancer population. A 2-locus SNP-SNP interaction pattern (rs25487 and rs1042522) was significantly associated with cervical cancer risk (cases vs. negative controls: OR?=?4.63, 95% CI?=?1.83-11.75; cases vs. elderly group: OR?=?17.61, 95% CI?=?4.34-71.50). CONCLUSIONS:This is the first study to identify a novel interaction between the XRCC1 and TP53 genes that is highly associated with susceptibility to cervical cancer risk in a female population in southwestern China.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Cervical cancer incidence is low in Saudi Arabian women, suggesting low prevalence to HPV infection due to environmental, cultural and genetic differences. Therefore, we investigated HPV prevalence and genotype distribution in cervical cancer as well as the association with 9 genetic single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs): CDKN1A (p21) C31A, TP53 C72G, ATM G1853A, HDM2 promoter T309G, HDM2 A110G, LIG4 A591G, XRCC1 G399A, XRCC3 C241T and TGF?1 T10C, presumed to predispose to cancer. METHODS:One hundred cervical cancer patients (90 squamous cell carcinoma and 10 adenocarcinoma) and 100 age/sex-matched controls were enrolled. SNPs were genotyped by direct sequencing and HPV was detected and typed in tumors using the HPV Linear Array Test. RESULTS:Eighty-two cases (82%) were positive for HPV sequences. Seven HPV genotypes were present as single infections (16, 18, 31, 45, 56, 59, 73) and five double infections (16/18, 16/39, 16/70, 35/52, 45/59) were detected. Most common genotypes were HPV-16 (71%), 31 (7%), and 18, 45, 73 (4% each). Only XRCC1 SNP was significantly associated with cervical cancer (P=0.02, OD=1.69; 95% CI= 1.06-2.66). However, nested analysis revealed a preponderance of HPV-positivity in patients harboring the presumed risk allele TP53 G (P=0.06). Both XRCC1 and TP53 SNPs tended to deviate from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE; P=0.03-0.07). CONCLUSIONS:HPV prevalence (82%) in cervical cancer is at the lower range of the worldwide estimation (85 - 99%). While XRCC1 G399A was significantly associated with cervical cancer, TP53 G72C showed borderline association only in HPV-positive patients. Deviation from HWE in HPV-positive patients indicates co-selection, hence implicating the combination of HPV and SNPs in cancer predisposition. Thus, SNPs could be more relevant biomarkers of susceptibility to cervical cancer when associated with HPV infection.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:X-ray cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) and 8 Oxo guanine DNA-glycosylase 1 (OGG1) genes are implicated in the repair of single-stranded breaks (SSBRs) and base excision repair (BER) pathways. Common polymorphisms in DNA repair genes are supposed to decrease the capability of DNA repair and cause genetic instability. This study was designed to investigate the association between XRCC1 (rs25487) and OGG1 (rs1052133) polymorphisms and susceptibility to colorectal cancer (CRC) in the Ahvaz city, south-west Iran. METHODS:This case- control study comprised 150 patients and 150 controls that were selected from 2 educational hospitals in Ahvaz. They were matched for age and gender, and their genotyping was carried out by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). RESULTS:Our results indicate that the frequency of the Gln (A) allele of XRCC1 (rs25487) is significantly higher in colorectal cancer patients, compare to controls (p = 0.01, OR: 1.54, 95% CI 1.9-13.3). Significant increased risk of cancer was observed in XRCC1 (rs25487) genotypes (p = 0.001 OR: 5.3, 95% CI 1.9-14.2 for Gln / Gln), while no association was found between OGG1 (rs1052133) and colorectal cancer risk (p = 0.6). CONCLUSION:Our study suggests that XRCC1 (rs25487) polymorphism might be associated with an increasing risk of CRC in Ahvaz. It also demonstrates positive correlation between the XRCC1 (rs25487) genotypes and demographic characteristics, such as smoking and increased age in patients and control groups.<br />.
Project description:Driven by findings that human papillomavirus (HPV)-induced degradation of p53 differs by a TP53 polymorphism at codon 72 (Pro72Arg), past studies of TP53 genetic variants and cervical cancer have focused on this nonsynonymous polymorphism, with mixed results. We analyzed common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) across the TP53 locus in a population-based nested case-control study in Guanacaste, Costa Rica. We evaluated 11 SNPs, including Pro72Arg (rs1042522), among 1,281 women: 465 with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3/cancer (CIN3+), 380 with HPV persistence (median, 25 months), and 436 random population controls. We combined HPV persistence and CIN3+ into one case group because they did not differ in TP53 genotypic frequencies and calculated odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for individual SNPs and inferred haplotypes. We observed that proline at codon 72 was associated with increased risk of CIN3+/persistence compared with population controls. Relative to GG (Arg), the CG (Pro/Arg) and CC (Pro) genotypes had a 1.3-fold (95% CI, 0.99-1.6) and 1.8-fold (95% CI, 1.2-2.7) increased risk, respectively (P(trend) < 0.01). rs12951053 and rs1642785 were also associated with CIN3+/persistence (P (trend), 0.05 and 0.04, respectively), as was a haplotype containing the codon 72 variant (rs1042522), rs12951053, rs1642785, and rs12947788 (odds ratio, 1.6; 95% CI, 1.1-2.3 versus the most common haplotype, which comprised the major alleles for all 11 SNPs). Although genetic variation in TP53 might affect the natural history of HPV and cervical cancer, further work is needed to elucidate the possible mechanism.
Project description:A pathway-based genotyping analysis suggested rs2078486 was a novel TP53 SNP, but very few studies replicate this association. TP53 rs1042522 is the most commonly studied SNP, but very few studies examined its potential interaction with environmental factors in relation to lung cancer risk. This study aims to examine associations between two TP53 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) (rs2078486, rs1042522), their potential interaction with environmental factors and risk of lung cancer.A case-control study was conducted in Taiyuan, China. Unconditional logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). Multiplicative and additive interactions between TP53 SNPs and lifestyle factors were evaluated.Variant TP53 rs2078486 SNP was significantly associated with elevated lung cancer risk among smokers (OR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.08 - 2.67) and individuals with high indoor air pollution exposure (OR: 1.51, 95% CI: 1.00-2.30). Significant or borderline significant multiplicative and additive interactions were found between TP53 rs2078486 polymorphism with smoking and indoor air pollution exposure. The variant genotype of TP53 SNP rs1042522 significantly increased lung cancer risk in the total population (OR: 1.57, 95% CI: 1.11-2.21), but there was no evidence of heterogeneity among individuals with different lifestyle factors.This study confirmed that TP53 rs2078486 SNP is potentially a novel TP53 SNP that may affect lung cancer risk. Our study also suggested potential synergetic effects of TP53 rs2078486 SNP with smoking and indoor air pollution exposure on lung cancer risk.
Project description:INTRODUCTION:There is an urgent need for biomarkers to help predict prognosis and guide management of esophageal cancer. This review identifies, evaluates and meta-analyses the evidence for reported somatic and germline DNA sequence biomarkers of outcome and stage. METHODS:A systematic review was carried out of the PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane databases (20 August 2014), in conjunction with the ASCO Level of Evidence scale for biomarker research. Meta-analyses were carried out for all reported markers associated with outcome measures by more than one study. RESULTS:Four thousand and four articles were identified, 762 retrieved and 182 studies included. There were 65 reported markers of survival or recurrence 12 (18.5%) were excluded due to multiple comparisons. Following meta-analysis, significant associations were seen for six tumor variants (mutant TP53 and PIK3CA, copy number gain of ERBB2/HER2, CCND1 and FGF3, and chromosomal instability/ploidy) and seven germline polymorphisms: ERCC1 rs3212986, ERCC2 rs1799793, TP53 rs1042522, MDM2 rs2279744, TYMS rs34743033, ABCB1 rs1045642 and MTHFR rs1801133. Twelve germline markers of treatment complications were reported; 10 were excluded. Two tumor and 15 germline markers (11 excluded) of chemo (radio)therapy response were reported. Following meta-analysis, associations were demonstrated for mutant TP53, ERCC1 rs11615 and XRCC1 rs25487. There were 41 tumor/germline reported markers of stage; 27 (65.9%) were excluded. CONCLUSIONS:Numerous DNA markers of outcome and stage have been reported, yet few are backed by high-quality evidence. Despite this, a small number of variants appear reliable. These merit evaluation in prospective trials, within the context of high-throughput sequencing and gene expression.
Project description:Among the cancer susceptibility genes, TP53 is one of the crucial genes involved in cell cycle regulations and, therefore, it greatly affects breast cancer initiation and progression. In addition, WRAP53-a natural antisense transcript-regulates TP53 transcription and, as a protein, modulates the normal cell cycle, which results in breast cancer susceptibility. In this study, we aimed to analyze a haplotype comprising four SNPs, including rs1042522, rs17878362, rs2287499, and rs2287498, which are located at 5' regions of the TP53 and WRAP53 genes, in 118 patients and 110 healthy controls of the Iranian-Azeri population. In silico studies were conducted using the SIFT, Polyphen2, Fanthmm, RNAsnp, and SNP&GO online servers. Linkage disequilibrium (LD) and D' for each combination of the markers were calculated via the Haploview program. Our results showed that the GA1CC haplotype was the most frequent in the studied population. Additionally, no significant LD between any pairwise haplotypes was observed. The GA1CC and CA2GC haplotypes were significantly associated with breast cancer susceptibility. Moreover, the in silico analysis revealed the negative effects of rs2287499 and rs1042522 on WRAP53 and P53, respectively. In conclusion, the CA1GC haplotype was strongly identified as a breast cancer risk factor, and the GA1CC haplotype was assumed to be a protective factor against breast cancer risk. Hence, these markers may potentially be used as molecular prognostic and predictive biomarkers for breast cancer.
Project description:TP53 is a tumor suppressor gene which is essential for regulating cell division and preventing tumor formation. Several studies have assessed the associations of TP53 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) with susceptibility of malignant bone tumors, including osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma, but the results are inconsistent. In the present meta-analysis, we aimed to elucidate the associations of TP53 rs1042522 genetic polymorphism with the risk of osteosarcoma or Ewing sarcoma. We systematically searched Medline, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases. Eligible studies assessing the polymorphisms in the TP53 rs1042522 gene and risk of malignant bone tumors were incorporated. The pooled odds ratio (OR) with its 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were used to assess these possible associations. Five studies with a total of 567 cases and 935 controls were finally included the meta-analysis. Meta-analysis of TP53 rs1042522 polymorphism was significantly associated with an increased risk of malignant bone tumors (G versus C: OR = 1.27, 95% CI 1.08-1.50, P=0.005; GG versus GC/CC: OR = 1.55, 95% CI 1.21-2.00, P=0.001). Moreover, in a stratified analysis, a statistically significant correlation between this SNP and osteosarcoma risk was also observed. Our results suggest that there are significant associations of TP53 rs1042522 polymorphism with malignant bone tumors risk. More studies based on larger sample sizes and homogeneous samples are warranted to confirm these findings.
Project description:Background: Base excision repair (BER) is the primary DNA repair system with the ability to fix base lesions caused by oxidative damage. Genetic variants influencing the BER pathway may affect the susceptibility and the outcomes of ischemic stroke. Here, we examined how single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with BER impact susceptibility and short-term recovery of ischemic stroke. Methods: We selected 320 ischemic stroke patients and 303 controls. Then we genotyped SNPs of NEIL1 rs4462560, NEIL3 rs12645561 and XRCC1 rs25487 in both groups. Results: Polymorphism in XRCC1 rs25487 was significantly associated with reduced ischemic stroke (IS) risk (dominant model: OR = 0.53, 95% CI = 0.36-0.79, p = 0.002), a milder initial stroke (dominant model: OR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.33-0.98, p = 0.043), and also a better short-term recovery (dominant model: OR = 0.57, 95% CI = 0.35-0.92, p = 0.022). No association was observed in the other two SNPs. Conclusions: Our study suggests that the genetic variant of XRCC1 rs25487 may contribute to the etiology of ischemic stroke.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:The proposal of the present study was to investigate whether the TP53 rs1042522 polymorphism confers susceptibility to prostate cancer (PCa), by performing an updated meta-analysis. METHODS:Eligible publications investigating the association between the TP53 rs1042522 polymorphism and PCa susceptibility were selected from PubMed, Google Scholar, and Web of Science. We used STATA 12.0 software to conduct the analyses. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated. RESULTS:A total of 17 case-control studies were retrieved reporting a total of 2683 cases and 2981 controls. However, no significant association was uncovered between the TP53 rs1042522 polymorphism and PCa susceptibility in the overall population under the five genetic models. In the stratification analysis by source of control, an increased susceptibility to PCa was identified in the population-based (P-B) group (CG vs. GG: OR = 1.48, 95% CI: 1.24-1.77, P < 0.01; CC/CG vs. GG: OR = 1.32, 95% CI: 1.12-1.57, P < 0.01), whereas a decreased susceptibility was uncovered in the hospital-based (H-B) group (CG vs. GG: OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.46-0.96, P = 0.03; CC/CG vs. GG: OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.46-0.99, P = 0.04) under heterozygous and dominant model. CONCLUSION:This study did not find an association between the TP53 rs1042522 polymorphism and PCa susceptibility in the overall population and corresponding subgroup analyses except in the stratification analysis by source of control. The results suggest that the TP53 rs1042522 polymorphism is not a risk factor for PCa.
Project description:The DNA repair system plays a pivotal role in maintaining genomic integrity and protection against mutations that could lead to cancer development. The aim of this study was to explore the association between common polymorphisms of DNA repair genes, APE1 (rs1760944 and rs1130409) and XRCC1 (rs1799782, rs25487, and rs25489), and gastric cancer (GC) risk in the Korean population. We conducted a case-control study of 368 GC patients and 398 controls by using TaqMan genotyping assay. None of the polymorphisms was associated with the risk of GC. Further analysis showed a lack of association between APE1 and XRCC1 polymorphisms or haplotypes and the risk of GC and GC subgroups. The heterozygous CT genotype of XRCC1 rs25487 was related to 1.94 times increased risk of lymph node metastasis (LNM) in diffuse type GC compared to the XRCC1 rs25487 CC genotype (adjusted OR = 1.94, 95% CI = 1.06-3.53, P = 0.031) after adjusting for gender and age, whereas the remaining polymorphisms showed no association with GC or GC subgroups. This result suggests that genetic variation of XRCC1 rs25487 could be a risk factor for LNM in diffuse type of GC in the Korean population.