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Crystal structure of the DENR-MCT-1 complex revealed zinc-binding site essential for heterodimer formation.


ABSTRACT: The density-regulated protein (DENR) and the malignant T cell-amplified sequence 1 (MCT-1/MCTS1) oncoprotein support noncanonical translation initiation, promote translation reinitiation on a specific set of mRNAs with short upstream reading frames, and regulate ribosome recycling. DENR and MCT-1 form a heterodimer, which binds to the ribosome. We determined the crystal structure of the heterodimer formed by human MCT-1 and the N-terminal domain of DENR at 2.0-Å resolution. The structure of the heterodimer reveals atomic details of the mechanism of DENR and MCT-1 interaction. Four conserved cysteine residues of DENR (C34, C37, C44, C53) form a classical tetrahedral zinc ion-binding site, which preserves the structure of the DENR's MCT-1-binding interface that is essential for the dimerization. Substitution of all four cysteines by alanine abolished a heterodimer formation. Our findings elucidate further the mechanism of regulation of DENR-MCT-1 activities in unconventional translation initiation, reinitiation, and recycling.

SUBMITTER: Lomakin IB 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6329987 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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