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Polarization induced control of optical trap potentials in binary liquids.


ABSTRACT: We illustrate control of a polarized laser optical trapping potential landscape through the nonideal mixing of binary liquids. The inherent trapping potential asymmetry (ITPA) present in the trapping region results from the asymmetric intensity distribution in focal volume due to the high numerical aperture objective lens. Experimentally, we show that this ITPA effect can be modified and/or removed by the use of binary liquid mixtures. From our femtosecond optical tweezers experiments, we determine the topograph of the trapping potential base on the fluctuation-dissipation theorem. Additionally, the Brownian motion of the trapped bead is sensitive to the frictional force (FF) of the surroundings that is exerted by clusters of water and alcohol binary mixture through extended hydrogen bonding. Thus, using these two effects, ITPA and FF of the medium, we have shown that one can indeed modify the effective trapping potential landscape. Water-alcohol binary mixtures display a nonlinear dependence on the microrheological properties of the solvent composition as a result of rigid cluster formation. Volumetrically, at about 30% methanol in water binary mixture, the trapping asymmetry is minimal. In this particular binary mixture composition, the hydrophobic part of the methanol molecule is surrounded by 'cages' of water molecules. Enhanced H-bonding network of water molecules results in higher viscosity, which contributes to the higher frictional force. Increased viscosity decreases the degree of anisotropy due to hindered dipolar rotation. However, at higher methanol concentrations, the methanol molecules are no longer contained within the water cages and are free to move, which decrease their overall bulk viscosity. Thus, for pure solvents, experimentally measured anisotropy matches quite well with the theoretical prediction, but this fails in case of the binary mixtures due to the increased frictional force exerted by binary mixtures that result from the formation of cage-like structures.

SUBMITTER: Mondal D 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6345749 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01T00:00:00Z

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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