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Whole Transcriptome Analysis of Renal Intercalated Cells Predicts Lipopolysaccharide Mediated Inhibition of Retinoid X Receptor alpha Function.

ABSTRACT: The renal collecting duct consists of intercalated cells (ICs) and principal cells (PCs). We have previously demonstrated that collecting ducts have a role in the innate immune defense of the kidney. Transcriptomics is an important tool used to enhance systems-level understanding of cell biology. However, transcriptomics performed on whole kidneys provides limited insight of collecting duct cell gene expression, because these cells comprise a small fraction of total kidney cells. Recently we generated reporter mouse models to enrich collecting duct specific PC and ICs and reported targeted gene expression of anti-microbial peptide genes. Here we report transcriptomics on enriched ICs and PCs and performed a pilot study sequencing four single ICs. We identified 3,645 genes with increased relative expression in ICs compared to non-ICs. In comparison to non-PCs, 2,088 genes had higher relative expression in PCs. IC associated genes included the innate interleukin 1 receptor, type 1 and the antimicrobial peptide(AMP) adrenomedullin. The top predicted canonical pathway for enriched ICs was lipopolysaccharide/Interleukin 1 mediated inhibition of Retinoid X Receptor alpha function and decreased Retinoid X Receptor expression was confirmed to occur 1-hour post experimental murine UTI in ICs but not in non-ICs.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6345901 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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