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Nucleoprotein Intermediates in HIV-1 DNA Integration: Structure and Function of HIV-1 Intasomes.


ABSTRACT: Integration of a DNA copy of the viral genome into host DNA is an essential step in the replication cycle of HIV-1 and other retroviruses and is an important therapeutic target for drugs. DNA integration is catalyzed by the viral integrase protein and proceeds through a series of stable nucleoprotein complexes of integrase, viral DNA ends and target DNA. These nucleoprotein complexes are collectively called intasomes. Retroviral intasomes undergo a series of transitions between initial formation and catalysis of the DNA cutting and joining steps of DNA integration. Intasomes, rather than free integrase protein, are the target of currently approved drugs that target HIV-1 DNA integration. High-resolution structures of HIV-1 intasomes are needed to understand their detailed mechanism of action and how HIV-1 may escape by developing resistance. Here, we focus on our current knowledge of the structure and function of HIV-1 intasomes, with reference to related systems as required to put this knowledge in context.

SUBMITTER: Craigie R 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6370045 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 1EX4

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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