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Coordinating Multi-Protein Mismatch Repair by Managing Diffusion Mechanics on the DNA.


ABSTRACT: DNA mismatch repair (MMR) corrects DNA base-pairing errors that occur during DNA replication. MMR catalyzes strand-specific DNA degradation and resynthesis by dynamic molecular coordination of sequential downstream pathways. The temporal and mechanistic order of molecular events is essential to insure interactions in MMR that occur over long distances on the DNA. Biophysical real-time studies of highly conserved components on mismatched DNA have shed light on the mechanics of MMR. Single-molecule imaging has visualized stochastically coordinated MMR interactions that are based on thermal fluctuation-driven motions. In this review, we describe the role of diffusivity and stochasticity in MMR beginning with mismatch recognition through strand-specific excision. We conclude with a perspective of the possible research directions that should solve the remaining questions in MMR.

SUBMITTER: Kim D 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6388638 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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