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A bovine CD18 signal peptide variant with increased binding activity to Mannheimia hemolytica leukotoxin.

ABSTRACT: Background: Mannheimia haemolytica is the major bacterial infectious agent of bovine respiratory disease complex and causes severe morbidity and mortality during lung infections. M. haemolytica secretes a protein leukotoxin (Lkt) that binds to the CD18 receptor on leukocytes, initiates lysis, induces inflammation, and causes acute fibrinous bronchopneumonia. Lkt binds the 22-amino acid CD18 signal peptide domain, which remains uncleaved in ruminant species. Our aim was to identify missense variation in the bovine CD18 signal peptide and measure the effects on Lkt binding. Methods: Missense variants in the integrin beta 2 gene ( ITGB2) encoding CD18 were identified by whole genome sequencing of 96 cattle from 19 breeds, and targeted Sanger sequencing of 1238 cattle from 46 breeds. The ability of different CD18 signal peptide variants to bind Lkt was evaluated by preincubating the toxin with synthetic peptides and applying the mixture to susceptible bovine cell cultures in cytotoxicity-blocking assays. Results: We identified 14 missense variants encoded on 15 predicted haplotypes, including a rare signal peptide variant with a cysteine at position 5 (C 5) instead of arginine (R 5). Preincubating Lkt with synthetic signal peptides with C 5 blocked cytotoxicity significantly better than those with R 5. The most potent synthetic peptide (C 5PQLLLLAGLLA) had 30-fold more binding activity compared to that with R 5. Conclusions: The results suggest that missense variants in the CD18 signal peptide affect Lkt binding, and animals carrying the C 5 allele may be more susceptible to the effects of Lkt. The results also identify a potent class of non-antibiotic Lkt inhibitors that could potentially protect cattle from cytotoxic effects during acute lung infections.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6406179 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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