Unknown

Dataset Information

0

Annual environmental variation influences host tolerance to parasites.


ABSTRACT: When confronted with a parasite or pathogen, hosts can defend themselves by resisting or tolerating the attack. While resistance can be diminished when resources are limited, it is unclear how robust tolerance is to changes in environmental conditions. Here, we investigate the sensitivity of tolerance in a single host population living in a highly variable environment. We manipulated the abundance of an invasive parasitic fly, Philornis downsi, in nests of Galápagos mockingbirds ( Mimus parvulus) over four field seasons and measured host fitness in response to parasitism. Mockingbird tolerance to P. downsi varied significantly among years and decreased when rainfall was limited. Video observations indicate that parental provisioning of nestlings appears key to tolerance: in drought years, mockingbirds likely do not have sufficient resources to compensate for the effects of P. downsi. These results indicate that host tolerance is a labile trait and suggest that environmental variation plays a major role in mediating the consequences of host-parasite interactions.

SUBMITTER: McNew SM 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6408884 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

Similar Datasets

2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6502384 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7217188 | BioStudies
2008-01-01 | S-EPMC2527555 | BioStudies
2016-01-01 | S-EPMC4788638 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6571467 | BioStudies
2011-01-01 | S-EPMC3209464 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6367191 | BioStudies
2020-01-01 | S-EPMC7411904 | BioStudies
2019-01-01 | S-EPMC6874344 | BioStudies
2015-01-01 | S-EPMC4567873 | BioStudies