Acute Neuromuscular Respiratory Weakness Due to Acute Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy (AIDP): A Simulation Scenario for Neurology Providers.
ABSTRACT: Introduction:Acute neuromuscular respiratory failure is a source of morbidity and mortality in neurological diseases, including acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP), also known as Guillain-Barré syndrome. It is important for health care providers to recognize this condition and provide early ventilatory support. In this simulation, learners must assess and treat a standardized patient with acute respiratory complications related to AIDP. Methods:This is a single-session simulation that can be run in a standard simulation center using a live standardized patient. The simulation scenario is followed by a facilitated debriefing session. Details about the simulation scenario, critical action checklist, environment preparation, actors/roles, and debriefing session are outlined. Results:A total of 14 neurology residents participated in this simulation. A postsimulation survey revealed that participants thought the simulation achieved its stated objectives, was useful, and would impact their future practice. Discussion:We designed this simulation to assess a learner's ability to identify acute neuromuscular respiratory weakness in a patient with AIDP and initiate treatment with ventilatory support. This simulation can easily be incorporated into an existing curriculum for neurology residents or for trainees in other specialties.
Project description:Background?:Literature on the effectiveness of simulation-based medical education programs for caring for acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients is limited. Objective?:To improve coordination and door-to-needle (DTN) time for AIS care, we implemented a stroke simulation training program for neurology residents and nursing staff in a comprehensive stroke center. Methods?:Acute stroke simulation training was implemented for first-year neurology residents in July 2011. Simulations were standardized using trained live actors, who portrayed stroke vignettes in the presence of a board-certified vascular neurologist. A debriefing of each resident's performance followed the training. The hospital stroke registry was also used for retrospective analysis. The study population was defined as all patients treated with intravenous tissue plasminogen activator for AIS between October 2008 and September 2014. Results?:We identified 448 patients meeting inclusion criteria. Simulation training independently predicted reduction in DTN time by 9.64 minutes (95% confidence interval [CI] -15.28 to -4.01, P?=?.001) after controlling for age, night/day shift, work week versus weekend, and blood pressure at presentation (> 185/110). Systolic blood pressure higher than 185 was associated with a 14.28-minute increase in DTN time (95% CI 3.36-25.19, P?=?.011). Other covariates were not associated with any significant change in DTN time. Conclusions?:Integration of simulation based-medical education for AIS was associated with a 9.64-minute reduction in DTN time.
Project description:BACKGROUND: Simulation can enhance undergraduate medical education. However, the number of faculty facilitators needed for observation and debriefing can limit its use with medical students. The goal of this study was to compare the effectiveness of emergency medicine (EM) residents with that of EM faculty in facilitating postcase debriefings. METHODS: The EM clerkship at Indiana University School of Medicine requires medical students to complete one 2-hour mannequin-based simulation session. Groups of 5 to 6 students participated in 3 different simulation cases immediately followed by debriefings. Debriefings were led by either an EM faculty volunteer or EM resident volunteer. The Debriefing Assessment for Simulation in Healthcare (DASH) participant form was completed by students to evaluate each individual providing the debriefing. RESULTS: In total, 273 DASH forms were completed (132 EM faculty evaluations and 141 EM resident evaluations) for 7 faculty members and 9 residents providing the debriefing sessions. The mean total faculty DASH score was 32.42 and mean total resident DASH score was 32.09 out of a possible 35. There were no statistically significant differences between faculty and resident scores overall (P = .36) or by case type (P trauma = .11, P medical = .19, P pediatrics = .48). CONCLUSIONS: EM residents were perceived to be as effective as EM faculty in debriefing medical students in a mannequin-based simulation experience. The use of residents to observe and debrief students may allow additional simulations to be incorporated into undergraduate curricula and provide valuable teaching opportunities for residents.
Project description:Background?:Simulation training is an effective method to teach neonatal resuscitation (NR), yet many pediatrics residents do not feel comfortable with NR. Rapid cycle deliberate practice (RCDP) allows the facilitator to provide debriefing throughout the session. In RCDP, participants work through the scenario multiple times, eventually reaching more complex tasks once basic elements have been mastered. Objective?:We determined if pediatrics residents have improved observed abilities, confidence level, and recall in NR after receiving RCDP training compared to the traditional simulation debriefing method. Methods?:Thirty-eight pediatrics interns from a large academic training program were randomized to a teaching simulation session using RCDP or simulation debriefing methods. The primary outcome was the intern's cumulative score on the initial Megacode Assessment Form (MCAF). Secondary outcome measures included surveys of confidence level, recall MCAF scores at 4 months, and time to perform critical interventions. Results?:Thirty-four interns were included in analysis. Interns in the RCDP group had higher initial MCAF scores (89% versus 84%, P?<?.026), initiated positive pressure ventilation within 1 minute (100% versus 71%, P?<?.05), and administered epinephrine earlier (152 s versus 180 s, P?<?.039). Recall MCAF scores were not different between the 2 groups. Conclusions?:Immediately following RCDP interns had improved observed abilities and decreased time to perform critical interventions in NR simulation as compared to those trained with the simulation debriefing. RCDP was not superior in improving confidence level or retention.
Project description:Introduction:Pediatric trauma management is a high-stress, high-risk, low-frequency event, and exposure through simulation can help identify and address knowledge gaps. Pediatric residents are likely to provide care for children with traumatic injuries, and it is important they are skilled in performing a rapid trauma assessment. Methods:We developed a simulation-based rapid pediatric trauma assessment curriculum for pediatric residents in the setting of a mass casualty disaster. The patients were 5-year-olds portrayed by mannequins with varying injuries including intracranial hemorrhage, solid organ injury, and open extremity fractures. Critical actions included assigning roles, completing primary assessment within 2 minutes, and giving summary statement and management priorities within 5 minutes using clear communication techniques. We created a badge-sized reference card as well as scenario-specific debriefing tools to facilitate assessment and discussion of learning objectives following the simulation. Results:We conducted two sessions with a total of 49 participants. The case was rated as highly relevant (session 1, m = 4.7; session 2, m = 4.9) and realistic (session 1, m = 4.8; session 2, m = 4.4) by participants on a 5-point Likert scale. During the two sessions participants completed the primary survey in an average of 2.46 and 2.29 minutes, respectively, and the secondary survey with summary statement in an average of 5.08 and 4.27 minutes, respectively. Discussion:This educational resource supports the setup, production, and debriefing of a low-fidelity simulation focused on the pediatric trauma assessment for the novice learner. Also included are educational reference materials and a participant evaluation form.
Project description:To evaluate the effect of simulation-based mastery learning (SBML) on internal medicine residents' lumbar puncture (LP) skills, assess neurology residents' acquired LP skills from traditional clinical education, and compare the results of SBML to traditional clinical education.This study was a pretest-posttest design with a comparison group. Fifty-eight postgraduate year (PGY) 1 internal medicine residents received an SBML intervention in LP. Residents completed a baseline skill assessment (pretest) using a 21-item LP checklist. After a 3-hour session featuring deliberate practice and feedback, residents completed a posttest and were expected to meet or exceed a minimum passing score (MPS) set by an expert panel. Simulator-trained residents' pretest and posttest scores were compared to assess the impact of the intervention. Thirty-six PGY2, 3, and 4 neurology residents from 3 medical centers completed the same simulated LP assessment without SBML. SBML posttest scores were compared to neurology residents' baseline scores.PGY1 internal medicine residents improved from a mean of 46.3% to 95.7% after SBML (p < 0.001) and all met the MPS at final posttest. The performance of traditionally trained neurology residents was significantly lower than simulator-trained residents (mean 65.4%, p < 0.001) and only 6% met the MPS.Residents who completed SBML showed significant improvement in LP procedural skills. Few neurology residents were competent to perform a simulated LP despite clinical experience with the procedure.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Debriefing is key in a simulation learning process. OBJECTIVE:This study focuses on the impact of computer debriefing on learning acquisition and retention after a screen-based simulation training on neonatal resuscitation designed for midwifery students. METHODS:Midwifery students participated in 2 screen-based simulation sessions, separated by 2 months, session 1 and session 2. They were randomized in 2 groups. Participants of the debriefing group underwent a computer debriefing focusing on technical skills and nontechnical skills at the end of each scenario, while the control group received no debriefing. In session 1, students participated in 2 scenarios of screen-based simulation on neonatal resuscitation. During session 2, the students participated in a third scenario. The 3 scenarios had an increasing level of difficulty, with the first representing the baseline level. Assessments included a knowledge questionnaire on neonatal resuscitation, a self-efficacy rating, and expert evaluation of technical skills as per the Neonatal Resuscitation Performance Evaluation (NRPE) score and of nontechnical skills as per the Anaesthetists' Non-Technical Skills (ANTS) system. We compared the results of the groups using the Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS:A total of 28 midwifery students participated in the study. The participants from the debriefing group reached higher ANTS scores than those from the control group during session 1 (13.25 vs 9; U=47.5; P=.02). Their scores remained higher, without statistical difference during session 2 (10 vs 7.75; P=.08). The debriefing group had higher self-efficacy ratings at session 2 (3 vs 2; U=52; P=.02). When comparing the knowledge questionnaires, the significant baseline difference (13 for debriefing group vs 14.5 for control group, P=.05) disappeared at the end of session 1 and in session 2. No difference was found for the assessment of technical skills between the groups or between sessions. CONCLUSIONS:Computer debriefing seems to improve nontechnical skills, self-efficacy, and knowledge when compared to the absence of debriefing during a screen-based simulation. This study confirms the importance of debriefing after screen-based simulation. TRIAL REGISTRATION:ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03844009; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03844009.
Project description:Introduction:Adverse events are common in medical training and practice, which can lead to distress among providers. One method of coping with distress is debriefing, which has been shown to improve participants' ability to manage their grief and has been associated with lower rates of burnout. Methods:We designed this 2-hour workshop to provide senior residents with the knowledge and skills to lead debriefing sessions within their teams. In this curriculum, we have included a workshop facilitator's guide, didactic information reviewing the components of effective debriefing, a video of a sample debriefing, two videos demonstrating potential debriefing challenges, small-group practice cases, a debriefing pocket card resource, and pre- and postworkshop survey evaluations. Results:Twenty second-year pediatric and medicine-pediatric residents were included in the pilot study of this workshop. They reported an average of 2.2 (SD = 2.4) distressing events in the preceding month. None of the residents had received previous training in debriefing, and only 10% had previously led a debriefing session. Pre- and postintervention surveys demonstrated significant increases in resident comfort in and likelihood of leading a debriefing session, as well as in recognition of personal distress. Discussion:This workshop serves as one model to enhance training and education regarding debriefing in residency training programs. The issue of distress is not unique to residents, and although this training was initially designed for that population, it could easily be adapted to reach a broader audience of medical trainees and providers.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Near-peer teaching is effective in graduate medical education, but it has not been compared with faculty member teaching in resident simulation. In this study, we sought to compare debriefing sessions of internal medicine (IM) intern simulation sessions led by academic faculty doctors with those led by senior IM residents in order to measure the effectiveness of near-peer teaching in this setting. Near-peer teaching is effective in graduate medical education, but has not been compared with faculty member teaching in resident simulation METHOD: Internal medicine interns participated in four simulation cases, two of which were debriefed by faculty members and two of which were debriefed by residents. Pre-simulation knowledge assessment was completed prior to the case. Following each debriefing, interns completed a Debriefing Assessment for Simulation in Healthcare (DASH) survey. Post-simulation knowledge assessments were completed 6 months after simulation. Debriefings were recorded and transcribed. Each statement made during debriefing was classified as either correct or erroneous by blinded reviewers. RESULTS:Fifty interns participated in simulation, and the response rate on the DASH survey was 88%. There was no difference between DASH scores (p = 0.13), post-simulation knowledge assessments or error rates during debriefing (p = 0.31) for faculty member and resident instructors. CONCLUSION:Our study suggests that residents and faculty members provide a similar quality of simulation instruction based on qualitative and quantitative evaluation.
Project description:Introduction:Thyroid storm is a rare but life-threatening disease process that may be difficult to recognize and mimics other disease processes. It is critical for the emergency medicine clinician to be able to recognize thyroid storm in patients in order to effectively stabilize and treat them. Methods:In this standardized patient case, learners were faced with a 17-year-old postpartum woman presenting to the emergency department with respiratory distress and altered mental status secondary to thyroid storm. The target learners were emergency department providers, including residents, medical students, and advanced practice practitioners. Providers were expected to identify signs and symptoms of thyroid storm and to initiate appropriate diagnostic workup and management of this complex patient. Debriefing followed the simulation using a debriefing guide and PowerPoint presentation. Results:Thirty-four learners participated in this simulation. All learners agreed or strongly agreed that the simulation case was relevant to their work, and 97% agreed or strongly agreed that it was effective in teaching thyroid storm management skills. Eighty-five percent felt that following the simulation, they would be confident in their ability to recognize thyroid storm in a postpartum patient and to recognize and manage respiratory distress and altered mental status in a postpartum patient. Discussion:Learners felt that this case was effective in teaching the skills necessary for caring for postpartum patients with respiratory distress and altered mental status. Future directions include conducting the simulation in situ to include multidisciplinary teams and increasing the learner pool to include OB/GYN residents.
Project description:To investigate the value of a novel simulation-based palliative care educational intervention within an emergency medicine (EM) residency curriculum.A palliative care scenario was designed and implemented in the simulation program at an urban academic emergency department (ED) with a 3-year EM residency program. EM residents attended one of eight high-fidelity simulation sessions, in groups of 5-6. A standardized participant portrayed the patient's family member. One resident from each session managed the scenario while the others observed. A 45-min debriefing session and small group discussion followed the scenario, facilitated by an EM simulation faculty member and a resident investigator. Best practices in palliative care were highlighted along with focused learner performance feedback. Participants completed an anonymous pre/post education intervention survey.Forty of 42 EM residents (95%) participated in the study. Confidence in implementing palliative care skills and perceived importance of palliative care improved after this educational intervention. Specifically, residents 1) felt EM physicians had an important role in palliative care, 2) had increased confidence in the ability to determine patient decision-making capacity, 3) had improved confidence in initiating palliative discussions/treatment, 4) believed palliative education was important in residency, and 5) felt simulation was an effective means to learn palliative care. Differences noted between PGY1 and PGY 3 training levels in survey responses disappeared post-intervention. Residents noted being most comfortable with delivering bad news and symptom management and least comfortable with disease prognostication. Residents reported time constraints and implementation logistics in the ED as the most challenging factors for palliative care initiation.Our case-based simulation intervention was associated with an increase in both the perceived importance of ED palliative care and self-reported confidence in implementing palliative care skills. Time constraints and implementation logistics were rated as the most challenging factors for palliative care initiation in the ED.