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Serum level of soluble interleukin-2 receptor is positively correlated with metabolic tumor volume on 18 F-FDG PET/CT in newly diagnosed patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.


ABSTRACT: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most frequent subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. High total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) calculated using 18 F-FDG PET/CT images at diagnosis predicts poor prognosis of patients with DLBCL. However, high cost and poor access to the imaging facilities hamper wider use of 18 F-FDG PET/CT. In order to explore a surrogate marker for TMTV, we evaluated the correlation between the serum levels of soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) and TMTV in 64 patients with DLBCL, and the results were verified in an independent validation cohort of 86 patients. Serum levels of sIL-2R were significantly correlated with TMTV. ROC analysis revealed that the cutoff value of TMTV ?150 cm3 or sIL-2R ? 1300 U/mL could predict failure to achieve EFS24 with areas under the curve (AUC) 0.706 and 0.758, respectively. Each of TMTV ?150 cm3 and sIL-2R ?1300 U/mL was significantly associated with worse 5-year overall survival and event-free survival. Importantly, each of sIL-2R <1300 U/mL or TMTV <150 cm3 identified patients with favorable prognosis among NCCN-IPI high-intermediate and high-risk group. Serum level of sIL-2R represents a convenient surrogate marker to estimate metabolic tumor burden measured by 18 F-FDG PET/CT that can predict treatment outcomes of patients with DLBCL.

SUBMITTER: Senjo H 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6434200 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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