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Cartilage progenitor cells combined with PHBV in cartilage tissue engineering.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs) and chondrocytes have been reported to present "dedifferentiation" and "phenotypic loss" during the chondrogenic differentiation process in cartilage tissue engineering, and cartilage progenitor cells (CPCs) are novel seeding cells for cartilage tissue engineering. In our previous study, cartilage progenitor cells from different subtypes of cartilage tissue were isolated and identified in vitro, but the study on in vivo chondrogenic characteristics of cartilage progenitor cells remained rarely. In the current study, we explored the feasibility of combining cartilage progenitor cells with poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) to produce tissue-engineered cartilage and compared the proliferation ability and chondrogenic characteristics of cartilage progenitor cells with those of bone marrow-derived stem cells and chondrocytes. METHODS:These three cells combined with PHBV were cultured in vitro for 1 week without chondrogenic induction and then transplanted subcutaneously into nude mice for 6 weeks. The cell-PHBV constructs were evaluated by gross observation, histological staining, glycosaminoglycan content measurement, biomechanical analysis and RT-PCR. RESULTS:The chondrocyte-PHBV constructs and CPC-PHBV constructs became an ivory-whitish cartilage-like tissue, while the BMSC-PHBV constructs became vascularized 6 weeks after the subcutaneous implantation. Histological examination showed that many typical cartilage structures were present in the chondrocyte group, some typical cartilage structures were observed in the CPC group, while no typical cartilage structures were observed in the BMSC group. CONCLUSIONS:Cartilage progenitor cells may undergo chondrogenesis without chondrogenic induction and are better at chondrogenesis than BMSCs but worse than chondrocytes in the application of cartilage tissue engineering.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6441183 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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