Multiple renal capillary hemangiomas in a patient with end-stage renal disease.
ABSTRACT: Renal capillary hemangiomas are rare and benign vascular tumors which are typically incidentally discovered on imaging. Surgical excision is often performed, as imaging appearance is similar to malignant lesions. Renal hemangiomas are typically solitary and unilateral. We present a rare case of multiple renal capillary hemangiomas in a patient with end-stage renal disease. Two hemangiomas were detected on imaging and 2 smaller hemangiomas were detected upon pathological evaluation, suggesting there may be a wider prevalence of smaller, radiographically-occult renal hemangiomas.
Project description:Anastomosing hemangiomas are rare variants of vascular tumors found in adrenal, hepatic, and gastrointestinal tissue. Frequently, renal anastomosing hemangiomas are misdiagnosed on computed tomography (CT) as kidney cancers, resulting in unnecessary workups and detrimental treatments. We present a rare case of bilateral renal and adrenal anastomosing hemangioma found incidentally on renal biopsy. Patient is a 39 year-old African American male on hemodialysis with a history of end-stage renal disease secondary to lupus who presented with acute pericarditis and worsening renal insufficiency.
Project description:Hemangiomas and vascular malformations of the gastrointestinal tract, rare clinical entities, present as overt or occult bleeding. They can be distributed throughout the intestinal digestive system, or present as a singular cavernous hemangioma or malformation, which is often located in the rectosigmoid region. Misdiagnosis is common despite characteristic radiographic features such as radiolucent phleboliths on plain film imaging and a purplish nodule on endoscopy. Adjunctive imaging such as computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are suggested as there is potential for local invasion. Endorectal ultrasound with Doppler has also been found to be useful in some instances. Surgical resection is the mainstay of treatment, with an emphasis on sphincter preservation. Nonsurgical endoscopic treatment with banding and sclerotherapy has been reported with success, especially in instances where an extensive resection is not feasible.
Project description:Infantile hemangiomas (IHs) are benign vascular neoplasms with rapid capillary proliferation shortly after birth and slow involution with diminishing capillary proliferative activity, fibrosis, and fatty replacement over 7-10 years.Hemangiomas and contralateral control sites in 88 subjects were measured using a suction device, 6-mm probe and 200 mbar negative pressure. Mechanical properties were assessed vs. controls and effects of body site, depth, clinical stage, histology diagnosis, and time.Biological elasticity, overall elasticity, net elasticity, total recovery, and elastic recovery were lower for IH vs. controls (P < 0.001). IH total deformation, elastic deformation, viscoelastic creep, and residual deformation were higher than controls (P < 0.001). Involuting IHs had lower viscoelasticity than proliferating and stable lesions (P < 0.001) and lower viscoelastic creep than stable IHs (P = 0.04). IH viscoelasticity was higher at 2.3 than 12.9, 23.7, and 61.0 months and at 4.9 and 8.1 than 61.0 months. IH elastic recovery varied by body site with larger differences vs. control for abdomen and leg. Elastic recovery differences from control were smaller at younger vs. older ages.Measurement of biomechanical properties may be useful to characterize IH progression and treatment response in clinical settings.
Project description:Hamartomas can occur in different areas of the breast, but they are rarely found in the breast. Myoid hamartomas with smooth muscle cells of the type described here are particularly unusual. The pathogenesis of this benign entity with its tendency to growth and recurrence is not clear. Excision is the therapy of choice. Capillary hemangiomas are rare vascular malformations of the breast which, in contrast to cavernous hemangiomas, usually remain clinically occult. It is important to differentiate these benign findings from malignant angiosarcoma. The possible heterogeneities between myoid hamartoma and capillary hemangioma using current breast imaging methods for the differential diagnosis (high-resolution ultrasound, duplex sonography, shear wave elastography, digital mammography, minimally invasive intervention) are discussed together with an overview of the literature.
Project description:Bone hemangioma accounts for approximately 1% of all bone neoplasms and commonly occurs in the vertebral body and skull. However, costal hemangiomas are extremely rare. We herein present a case involving a 52-year-old woman with a hemangioma in the third rib and review 29 cases of rib hemangiomas available in the literature. Rib hemangioma mainly affects women in their 50s and has expansile osteolytic features in radiographs and a weak maximum standardized uptake value in 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography images. When these findings are displayed, clinicians should include rib hemangioma as a differential diagnosis and consider avoidance of preoperative biopsy because of the risk of life-threatening bleeding.
Project description:Some infantile hemangiomas called in literature "minimal or arrested growth hemangiomas" or "abortive hemangiomas" are present at birth and have a proliferative component equaling less than 25% of its total surface area. Often, they are mistaken for vascular malformation. We present five patients (three girls and two boys) with abortive hemangiomas diagnosed between January 2010 and December 2015 localized in acral part of the extremities. They were congenital lesions resembling precursor of hemangiomas but did not show proliferation phase. Immunohistochemical Glut-1 was performed in all of them as a way to confirm the abortive hemangioma diagnosis. The most common appearance was a reticulated erythematous patch with multiple fine telangiectasias on the surface. We remark that one of them presented a segmental patch with two different morphologies and evolutions. The proximal part showed pebbled patches of bright-red hemangioma and presented proliferation and the distal part with a reticulated network-like telangiectasia morphology remained unchanged. We detected lower half of the body preference and dorsal region involvement preference without ventral involvement. The ulceration occurred in three patients with two different degrees of severity.
Project description:Current treatments for infantile hemangiomas have unpredictable outcomes. The authors' aim was to develop a nanoporphyrin-delivered, high-efficacy treatment for infantile hemangiomas using a mouse hemangioendothelioma model.The authors injected mouse hemangioendothelioma cells intradermally to axillary regions of 5-week-old, female, nude mice (n = 19) to induce hemangioendothelioma growth. They documented nanoporphyrin accumulation in hemangioendotheliomas using positron emission tomography. For the treatment study, the authors randomized hemangioendothelioma-bearing nude mice (n = 9) into three groups (n = 3 each). Group I received only saline injections. Group II received only laser treatment after saline injection, and group III received laser treatment after nanoporphyrin injection through the tail vein. The authors followed up the treatment response with digital caliper measurements.Hemangioendotheliomas started to grow approximately 1 week after inoculation and resembled infantile hemangiomas histologically. Nanoporphyrin uptake in hemangioendotheliomas was 19.7 ± 2.2, 16.7 ± 2.02, 8.4 ± 0.3, and 4.9 ± 0.6 percent injected dose per gram of tissue at 3, 6, 24, and 48 hours after injection, respectively. Nanoporphyrin uptake was significantly higher than in blood at 24 and 48 hours after injection (p < 0.05). Results of ex vivo biodistribution study were consistent with positron emission tomographic imaging. Hemangioendotheliomas in group III started to regress 1 day after the treatment and disappeared totally by day 21. The difference between tumor volumes in group III and other groups was significant on days 17 and 21 (p < 0.05).Nanoporphyrin accumulated in hemangioendotheliomas at high concentrations, enabling a high-efficacy photodynamic therapy. Given the similarities between hemangioendotheliomas and infantile hemangiomas, this treatment potentially can be a high-efficacy treatment for infantile hemangiomas.
Project description:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to evaluate the technical and clinical outcomes of using laparoscopic radiofrequency (RF) ablation for treating large subcapsular hepatic hemangiomas. METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed our sequential experience of treating 124 large subcapsular hepatic hemangiomas in 121 patients with laparoscopic RF ablation. RESULTS:The mean diameter of the 124 hemangiomas was 9.1 ± 3.2 cm (5.0-16.0 cm). RF ablation was performed successfully in all patients. There were 55 complications related to the ablation in 26 patients, including 5 of 69 (7.3%) patients with hemangioma <10 cm and 21 of 52 (40.4%) patients with hemangiomas ?10 cm (P < 0.001). No injuries to abdominal viscera occurred in all the 121 patients. According to the Dindo-Clavien classification, all the complications were minor in 26 patients (Grade I). Out of 124 hepatic hemangiomas, 118 (95.2%) were completely ablated, including 70 of 72 (97.2%) lesions < 10 cm and 48 of 52 (92.3%) lesions ? 10 cm (P = 0.236). CONCLUSION:Laparoscopic RF ablation therapy is a safe, feasible and effective procedure for large subcapsular hepatic hemangiomas, even in the hepatic hemangiomas ? 10 cm. Its use avoids thermal injury to the abdominal viscera.
Project description:Vertebral hemangiomas are benign lesions accounting for 2 to 3% of all spinal tumors. They are usually asymptomatic and found incidentally on imaging. Uncommonly, vertebral hemangiomas with significant epidural extension can result in radiculopathy or spinal cord compression. Decompressive surgery with or without stabilization is often required when neurological deficits are present. However, surgery can be associated with massive hemorrhage as these tumors are hypervascular. Preoperative embolization and sclerotherapy are well-known management strategies used to minimize intraoperative bleeding and improve symptoms. Recently, the use of sclerosants such as ethanol has decreased, due to reported complications such as Brown-Sequard syndrome. We describe the use of sodium tetradecyl sulfate (Fibro-Vein™, STD Pharmaceutical, Hereford, UK) as an effective alternative to ethanol in the preoperative management of vertebral hemangiomas. To our knowledge, this has not been previously reported. In three patients, we demonstrated minimal intraoperative blood loss using a combination of preoperative embolization of arterial feeders and sclerotherapy with sodium tetradecyl sulfate to control and secure venous drainage. No patients developed complications related to the procedure. In addition to minimal blood loss, a clear dissection plane was also noted intraoperatively.
Project description:RATIONALE:Vertebral hemangiomas (VHs), one of the most common benign tumors of the spine, can be aggressive, which is a rare condition and causes neurological deficits. Pregnancy is related to the worsening of aggressive VHs. The diagnosis and treatment of aggressive VHs remain challenging, especially for pregnant cases. PATIENT CONCERNS:We report 3 cases of aggressive VH in women who developed progressive neurological deficits during pregnancy among 95 patients treated for aggressive VH in our hospital in the past 15 years. DIAGNOSES AND INTERVENTIONS:All 3 patients experienced progressive deterioration of neurological function and pain at 13, 28, and 41 weeks' gestation. On radiological examination, VHs were the suspected radiological diagnoses in 2 patients; 1 patient was preoperatively misdiagnosed with a spinal metastatic tumor. All 3 patients underwent decompression surgery with intraoperative vertebroplasty and/or postoperative radiotherapy. The pathological diagnosis after surgery was all hemangiomas. OUTCOMES:In all 3 patients, there were no tumor recurrences, and neurological functions remained normal at the last follow-up of 75, 38, and 15 months after the treatment, respectively. LESSONS:Pregnancy might lead to the onset of aggressive VHs. The diagnosis and treatment of VHs during pregnancy remain controversial due to concern for both maternal and fetal safety. Timely surgery could preserve neurological function. Decompression surgery by laminectomy followed by adjuvant therapies require less skill and have a shorter surgery time, and can be considered more appropriate for aggressive VHs with pregnancy.