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A Small-Molecule SIRT2 Inhibitor That Promotes K-Ras4a Lysine Fatty-Acylation.

ABSTRACT: SIRT2, a member of the sirtuin family of protein lysine deacylases, has been identified as a promising therapeutic target for treating cancer. In addition to catalyzing deacetylation, SIRT2 has recently been shown to remove fatty acyl groups from K-Ras4a and promote its transforming activity. Among the SIRT2-specific inhibitors, only the thiomyristoyl lysine compound TM can weakly inhibit the demyristoylation activity of SIRT2. Therefore, more potent small-molecule SIRT2 inhibitors are needed to further evaluate the therapeutic potential of SIRT2 inhibition, and to understand the function of protein lysine defatty-acylation. Herein we report a SIRT2 inhibitor, JH-T4, which can increase K-Ras4a lysine fatty acylation. This is the first small-molecule inhibitor that can modulate the lysine fatty acylation levels of K-Ras4a. JH-T4 also inhibits SIRT1 and SIRT3 in?vitro. The increased potency of JH-T4 is likely due to the formation of hydrogen bonding between the hydroxy group and SIRT1, SIRT2, and SIRT3. This is further supported by in?vitro studies with another small-molecule inhibitor, NH-TM. These studies provide useful insight for future SIRT2 inhibitor development.

SUBMITTER: Spiegelman NA 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6452895 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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