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Ethylene signaling involves in seeds germination upon submergence and antioxidant response elicited confers submergence tolerance to rice seedlings.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Flooding has negative impact on agriculture. The plant hormone ethylene is involved in plant growth and stress responses, which are important role in tolerance and adaptation regulatory mechanisms during submergence stress. Ethylene signaling crosstalk with gibberellin signaling enhances tolerance in lowland rice (Flood Resistant 13A) through a quiescence strategy or in deepwater rice through an escape strategy when rice is submerged. Information regarding ethylene-mediated priming in submergence stress tolerance in rice is scant. Here, we used 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid, an ethylene precursor, to evaluate the response in submerged rice seedlings. RESULTS:The germination rate and mean germination times of rice seeds was higher in seedlings under submergence only when ethylene signaling was inhibited by supplemented with silver nitrate (AgNO3). Reduced leaf chlorophyll contents and induced senescence-associated genes in rice seedlings under submergence were relieved by pretreatment with an ethylene precursor. The ethylene-mediated priming by pretreatment with an ethylene precursor enhanced the survival rate and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and superoxide (O2-) anion accumulation and affected antioxidant response in rice seedlings. CONCLUSIONS:Pretreatment with an ethylene precursor leads to reactive oxygen species generation, which in turn triggered the antioxidant response system, thus improving the tolerance of rice seedlings to complete submergence stress. Thus, H2O2 signaling may contribute to ethylene-mediated priming to submergence stress tolerance in rice seedlings.

SUBMITTER: Huang YC 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6458221 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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