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Extra excitation of biceps femoris during neuromuscular electrical stimulation reduces knee medial loading.


ABSTRACT: Medial knee joint osteoarthritis (OA) is a debilitating and prevalent condition. Surgical treatment consists of redistributing the forces from the medial to the lateral compartment through osteotomy, or replacing the joint surfaces. As the mediolateral load distribution is related to the action of the musculature around the knee, the aim of this study was to devise a technique to redistribute these forces non-surgically through changes in muscle excitation. Eight healthy subjects participated in the experiment, and neuromuscular electrical stimulation was used to change the muscle forces around the knee. A musculoskeletal model was used to quantify the loading on the medial compartment of the knee, and a novel algorithm devised and implemented to simulate neuromuscular electrical stimulation. The forces and moments at the knee, ground reaction forces, walking velocity and step length were quantified before and after stimulation. Stimulation of the biceps femoris resulted in a significant decrease in the second peak of the medial knee joint loading by up to 0.17 body weight (p = 0.016). Kinematic parameters were not significantly affected. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation can decrease the peak loads on the medial compartment of the knee, and thus offers a promising therapy for medial knee joint OA.

SUBMITTER: Xu R 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6458370 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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