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Is resistant hypertension an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes? A prospective cohort study.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Resistant hypertension is independently associated with an increased risk of death in the general hypertensive population. We assessed whether resistant hypertension is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in individuals with type 2 diabetes from the Renal Insufficiency And Cardiovascular Events (RIACE) Italian Multicentre Study. METHODS:On 31 October 2015, vital status information was retrieved for 15,656 of the 15,773 participants enrolled in 2006-2008. Based on baseline blood pressure (BP) values and treatment, participants were categorized as normotensive, untreated hypertensive, controlled hypertensive (i.e., on-target with ?3 drugs or controlled with >?4 drugs). Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to assess the association with all-cause mortality. RESULTS:Using the 130/80?mmHg targets for categorization, crude mortality rates and Kaplan-Meier estimates were highest among resistant hypertension participants, especially those with controlled resistant hypertension. As compared with resistant hypertension, risk for all-cause mortality was significantly lower for all the other groups, including individuals with controlled hypertension (hazard ratio 0.81 [95% confidence interval 0.74-0.89], P?


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6482506 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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