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Recombinant human prolactin for the treatment of lactation insufficiency.


ABSTRACT: CONTEXT:Lactation insufficiency has many aetiologies including complete or relative prolactin deficiency. Exogenous prolactin may increase breast milk volume in this subset. We hypothesized that recombinant human prolactin (r-hPRL) would increase milk volume in mothers with prolactin deficiency and mothers of preterm infants with lactation insufficiency. DESIGN:Study 1: R-hPRL was administered in an open-label trial to mothers with prolactin deficiency. Study 2: R-hPRL was administered in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to mothers with lactation insufficiency that developed while pumping breast milk for their preterm infants. PATIENTS:Study 1: Mothers with prolactin deficiency (n = 5). Study 2: Mothers of premature infants exclusively pumping breast milk (n = 11). DESIGN:Study 1: R-hPRL (60 ?g/kg) was administered subcutaneously every 12 h for 28 days. Study 2: Mothers of preterm infants were randomized to receive r-hPRL (60 ?g/kg), placebo or r-hPRL alternating with placebo every 12 h for 7 days. MEASUREMENTS:Change in milk volume. RESULTS:Study 1: Peak prolactin (27·9 ± 17·3 to 194·6 ± 19·5 ?g/l; P < 0·003) and milk volume (3·4 ± 1·6 to 66·1 ± 8·3 ml/day; P < 0·001) increased with r-hPRL administration. Study 2: Peak prolactin increased in mothers treated with r-hPRL every 12 h (n = 3; 79·3 ± 55·4 to 271·3 ± 36·7 ?g/l; P < 0·05) and daily (101·4 ± 61·5 vs 178·9 ± 45·9 ?g/l; P < 0·04), but milk volume increased only in the group treated with r-hPRL every 12 h (53·5 ± 48·5 to 235·0 ± 135·7 ml/day; P < 0·02). CONCLUSION:Twice daily r-hPRL increases milk volume in mothers with prolactin deficiency and in preterm mothers with lactation insufficiency.

SUBMITTER: Powe CE 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6488522 | BioStudies | 2010-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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