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The function of PROTOPORPHYRINOGEN IX OXIDASE in chlorophyll biosynthesis requires oxidised plastoquinone in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii.

ABSTRACT: In the last common enzymatic step of tetrapyrrole biosynthesis, prior to the branching point leading to the biosynthesis of heme and chlorophyll, protoporphyrinogen IX (Protogen) is oxidised to protoporphyrin IX (Proto) by protoporphyrinogen IX oxidase (PPX). The absence of thylakoid-localised plastid terminal oxidase 2 (PTOX2) and cytochrome b 6 f complex in the ptox2 petB mutant, results in almost complete reduction of the plastoquinone pool (PQ pool) in light. Here we show that the lack of oxidised PQ impairs PPX function, leading to accumulation and subsequently uncontrolled oxidation of Protogen to non-metabolised Proto. Addition of 3(3,4-Dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU) prevents the over-reduction of the PQ pool in ptox2 petB and decreases Proto accumulation. This observation strongly indicates the need of oxidised PQ as the electron acceptor for the PPX reaction in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. The PPX-PQ pool interaction is proposed to function as a feedback loop between photosynthetic electron transport and chlorophyll biosynthesis.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6499784 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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