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Diversity and community pattern of sulfate-reducing bacteria in piglet gut.


ABSTRACT: Background:Among the gut microbiota, sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) is a kind of hydrogen-utilizing functional bacteria that plays an important role in intestinal hydrogen and sulfur metabolism. However, information is lacking regarding diversity and community structure of SRB in the gut of piglets. Middle cecum contents were collected from 6 Yorkshire and 6 Meishan piglets at postnatal days (PND) 14, 28 and 49. Piglets were weaned at PND28. Real-time quantitative PCR was performed to detect the number of SRB in the cecum based on dissimilatory sulfite reductase subunit A (dsrA) gene. Prior to real-time PCR, plasmid containing the dsrA gene was constructed and used as external standard to create a standard curve, from which the gene copies of dsrA were calculated. H2S concentration in the cecal contents was measured. Illumina PE250 sequencing of dsrA gene was used to investigate SRB diversity in cecum contents. Results:The qPCR results showed that the number of SRB at PND49 was significantly higher than that at PND28 in Meishan piglets. The concentration of H2S has no significant difference between piglet breeds and between different ages. The Illumina sequencing analysis revealed that the Chao1 richness index was significantly higher at PND49 than that at PND14 and PND28 in Yorkshire piglets. Based on dsrA gene similarities, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Firmicutes were identified at the phylum level, and most sequences were classified as Proteobacteria. At the genus level, most of sequences were classified as Desulfovibrio. At the species level, Desulfovibrio intestinalis was the predominant SRB in the piglet cecum. The relative abundance and the inferred absolute abundance of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii at PND49 were significantly higher than that at PND14 in Yorkshire piglets. Pig breeds did not affect the dsrA gene copies of SRB, diversity index and community pattern of SRB. Conclusions:Sulfate-reducing bacteria are widely colonized in the cecum of piglets and D. intestinalis is the dominant SRB. The age of piglets, but not the pig breeds affects the diversity and community pattern of SRB.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6513522 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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