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Accessory gene regulator (agr) dysfunction was unusual in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from Chinese children.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) with accessory gene regulator (agr) dysfunction occurs in health care settings. This study evaluated the prevalence and the molecular and drug resistance characteristics of S. aureus with dysfunctional agr in a pediatric population in Beijing, China. RESULTS:A total of 269 nonduplicate S. aureus clinical isolates were isolated from Beijing Children's Hospital, including 211 methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) from September 2010-2017 and 58 methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) from February 2016-2017. Only 8 MRSA and 2 MSSA isolates were identified as agr dysfunction, and the overall prevalence rate was 3.7%. For MRSA isolates, ST59-SCCmec IV and ST239-SCCmec III were the most common clones, and the prevalence rate of agr dysfunction in ST239-SCCmec III isolates (17.39%) was significantly higher than in ST59-SCCmec IV (1.69%) and other genotype strains (P?=?0.006). Among the agr dysfunctional isolates, only one MRSA ST59 isolate and one MSSA ST22 isolate harbored pvl. No significant difference was detected between agr dysfunction and agr functional isolates regarding the biofilm formation ability (P?=?0.4972); however, 9/10 agr dysfunctional isolates could effectuate strong biofilm formation and multidrug resistance. Among MRSA, the non-susceptibility rates to ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were significantly higher in agr dysfunctional isolates than in isolates with functional agr (P?

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6518674 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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