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Blastomere movement post first cell division correlates with embryonic compaction and subsequent blastocyst formation.

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Blastomere movement (BMov) occurs after the first cell division in human embryos. This movement has been suggested as a prognostic parameter for pregnancy outcome prediction following cleavage-stage embryo transfer. However, the effect of BMov on preimplantation development and pregnancy outcome after blastocyst transfer remains unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate whether BMov after the first cell division is correlated with blastocyst formation rate and live birth rate after single vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfer (SVBT). METHODS:Nine hundred and sixty-six embryos cultured in the EmbryoScope+® time-lapse system were retrospectively analyzed. The BMov type was categorized into three groups; namely, bouncing, wobbling, and twist-and-crumble. The BMov duration (dBMov) between the first (t2) and second cell division (t3) was monitored, and the ratio of dBMov to the duration of the 2-cell stage was calculated [dBMov/(t3-t2)]. Developmental rates to the 4-cell, 8-cell, morula, blastocyst, and expanded blastocyst stages were assessed, as well as blastocyst morphological grade. The correlations between dBMov and clinical pregnancy, ongoing pregnancy, and live birth rates were evaluated. RESULTS:Increased dBMov/(t3-t2) was significantly correlated with decreased developmental rates to the 8-cell, morula, blastocyst, and expanded blastocyst stages, especially from the 4-cell stage to the morula stage. Analysis of different types of BMov revealed that embryos with bouncing movement exhibited significantly higher developmental rates to the 8-cell, morula, blastocyst, and expanded blastocyst stages compared with embryos with twist-and-crumble movement. The morphological quality of blastocyst-stage embryos with twist-and-crumble movement was significantly lower than that of embryos with bouncing and wobbling movements. The rates of clinical pregnancy, ongoing pregnancy, and live birth after SVBT were not correlated with BMov type or duration. CONCLUSIONS:Embryonic compaction and subsequent blastocyst formation are adversely affected by twist-and-crumble movement and prolonged movement after the first cell division. Our results indicate that the preimplantation developmental competence of human embryos could be predicted by assessing BMov after the first cell division on day 1.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6521525 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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