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Chromosomal integration of aldo-keto-reductase and short-chain dehydrogenase/reductase genes in Clostridium beijerinckii NCIMB 8052 enhanced tolerance to lignocellulose-derived microbial inhibitory compounds.


ABSTRACT: In situ detoxification of lignocellulose-derived microbial inhibitory compounds is an economical strategy for the fermentation of lignocellulose-derived sugars to fuels and chemicals. In this study, we investigated homologous integration and constitutive expression of Cbei_3974 and Cbei_3904, which encode aldo-keto reductase and previously annotated short chain dehydrogenase/reductase, respectively, in Clostridium beijerinckii NCIMB 8052 (Cb), resulting in two strains: Cb_3974 and Cb_3904. Expression of Cbei_3974 led to 2-fold increase in furfural detoxification relative to Cb_3904 and Cb_wild type. Correspondingly, butanol production was up to 1.2-fold greater in furfural-challenged cultures of Cb_3974 relative to Cb_3904 and Cb_wild type. With 4-hydroxybezaldehyde and syringaldehyde supplementation, Cb_3974 showed up to 2.4-fold increase in butanol concentration when compared to Cb_3904 and Cb_wild type. Syringic and vanillic acids were considerably less deleterious to all three strains of Cb tested. Overall, Cb_3974 showed greater tolerance to furfural, 4-hydroxybezaldehyde, and syringaldehyde with improved capacity for butanol production. Hence, development of Cb_3974 represents a significant progress towards engineering solventogenic Clostridium species that are tolerant to lignocellulosic biomass hydrolysates as substrates for ABE fermentation.

SUBMITTER: Okonkwo CC 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6529405 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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