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Genetic Association of Finger Photoplethysmography-Derived Arterial Stiffness Index With Blood Pressure and Coronary Artery Disease.


ABSTRACT: Objective- Arterial stiffness index (ASI) is independently associated with blood pressure (BP) and coronary artery disease (CAD) epidemiologically. However, it is unknown whether these associations represent causal relationships. Here, we assess whether genetic predisposition to increased ASI is associated with elevated BP and CAD risk. Approach and Results- We first performed a large-scale epidemiological association of finger photoplethysmography-derived ASI in the UK Biobank, finding significant associations with systolic BP (?=0.55 mm?Hg; [95% CI, 0.45-0.65]; P=5.77×10-24; N=137?858), diastolic BP (?=1.05 mm?Hg; [95% CI, 0.99-1.11]; P=7.27×10-272; N=137?862), and incident CAD (hazard ratio, 1.08; [95% CI, 1.04-1.11]; P=1.5×10-6; N=3692 cases, 126?615 controls) in multivariable models. We then performed an ASI genome-wide association study analysis in 131?686 participants from the UK Biobank. Across participants not in the ASI genome-wide association study, a 6-variant ASI polygenic risk score was calculated. Each SD increase in genetic ASI was associated with systolic BP (?=4.63 mm?Hg; [95% CI, 2.1-7.2]; P=3.37×10-4; N=208?897), and diastolic BP (?=2.61 mm?Hg; [95% CI, 1.2-4.0]; P=2.85×10-4; N=208?897); however, no association was observed with incident CAD (hazard ratio, 1.12; [95% CI, 0.55-2.3]; P=0.75; N=223?061; 7534 cases). The lack of CAD association observed was replicated among 184?305 participants (60?810 cases) from the CARDIOGRAMplusC4D (Coronary Artery Disease Genetics Consortium; odds ratio, 0.56; [95% CI, 0.26-1.24]; P=0.15). Conclusions- Our data support the conclusion that finger photoplethysmography-derived ASI is an independent, genetically causal risk factor for BP, but do not support the notion that ASI is a suitable surrogate for CAD risk.

SUBMITTER: Zekavat SM 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6531323 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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