Quality of life and contact with healthcare systems among patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis: results from the NORdic PAtient survey of Psoriasis and Psoriatic arthritis (NORPAPP).
ABSTRACT: Psoriasis (skin psoriasis, PsO) is a chronic inflammatory condition. In about one-third of cases, the joints are affected (psoriatic arthritis, PsA). Both conditions, especially PsA, profoundly impact patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL). To describe the impact of psoriasis on HRQoL and patients' contact with the healthcare system in Sweden, Denmark, and Norway, the NORdic PAtient survey of Psoriasis and Psoriatic arthritis (NORPAPP) asked 22,050 adults randomly selected in Sweden, Denmark and Norway if they had psoriasis. 1264 individuals who reported physician-diagnosed PsO/PsA were invited to the full survey; 1221 responded (74.6% diagnosed with PsO alone; 25.4% with PsA?±?PsO). Respondents with PsA most frequently consulted a rheumatologist; however, 14.3% had never seen a rheumatologist. Respondents with PsO alone most frequently consulted a general practitioner and 10.7% had never seen a dermatologist (although those with severe symptoms visited dermatologists more often). Negative impacts on HRQoL were reported by 38.1% of respondents with PsO [mostly limitations on clothing (22.6%), sleep disorders (16%), and depression/anxiety (16%)] and by 73% of respondents with PsA [mostly limitations on clothing (41.8%), sports/leisure (44.0%), or daily routine (45.1%) and sleeping disorders]. Absence from work/education was more common with PsA?±?PsO (51.9%) than PsO alone (15.1%). In this survey in Sweden, Denmark, and Norway, the impact of psoriasis on the respondents' HRQoL was profound and was greater for PsA than for PsO, as was sickness absence. Sleeping disorders and depression were common and should not be overlooked.
Project description:Patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) experience impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of PsA, which has been associated with improvements in dermatologic endpoints in patients with PsA. To assess the extent to which tofacitinib affects patient HRQoL via improvements in dermatologic symptoms, including itch, data were pooled from patients with PsA who received tofacitinib in phase III studies (NCT01866668 and NCT01882439). Mediation modeling assessed the indirect effects (via Itch Severity Item [ISI] and Physician's Global Assessment of Psoriasis [PGA-PsO]) and direct effects (via all other factors) of tofacitinib treatment on dermatology-specific HRQoL (measured by Dermatology Life Quality Index [DLQI]). In the initial model, the treatment effect on DLQI was largely mediated by itch (ISI; <i>p</i> < 0.0001) and PGA-PsO (<i>p</i> < 0.01). The model was re-specified to assess the indirect effects only of itch and PGA-PsO on DLQI. Here, 17.7% of the treatment effect on DLQI was attributable to PGA-PsO (<i>p</i> = 0.0006), and 82.3% to itch (<i>p</i> < 0.0001). Tofacitinib-dependent improvements in DLQI were primarily mediated by itch relief, in addition to improvements in PGA-PsO.
Project description:<h4>Introduction</h4>Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and psoriasis (PsO) have a significant impact on HRQOL and work productivity loss. In patients with both PsA and PsO, the full extent of the physical and emotional burden of joint- and skin-related symptoms is less understood from the patient perspective.<h4>Methods</h4>A cross-sectional study of PsO patients with PsA from the US, France, and Germany was conducted using an online survey. Data on demographics, PsO severity by patient-reported body surface area involvement (BSA), PsA severity by RAPID3, impact of PsO and PsA using Patient Global Assessment (1-5), and novel questions exploring the emotional burden of joint/skin-related symptoms were collected. Multivariate regression analyses examined severity of joint and skin symptoms as predictors of quality of life (QoL), measured by PsAQoL, and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI).<h4>Results</h4>Of the 439 patients, 23.9% had mild (RAPID3 of 0-2) and 76.1% had moderate-severe PsA (RAPID3 of 2.1-10), while 51% had mild and 49% had moderate-severe PsO (≥ 3 palms of the hand for BSA). Multivariate analyses showed that severity of joint symptoms was strongly associated with lower QoL (t = 13.15), followed by impact of skin symptoms (t = 5.11), and age (t = - 4.73), all p < 0.0001. About 57% of all patients reported a DLQI > 5, indicating a moderate-to-extremely large effect of psoriasis on HRQoL. Joint severity and impact of joint symptoms were the strongest predictors of WPAI. Patients also associated skin and/or joint symptoms with a variety of emotions and QoL measures that were not captured on the validated scales (fatigue, how they think of themselves, how others thought of them, making a first impression etc.).<h4>Conclusions</h4>In this study, both skin and joint symptoms had a broad, meaningful impact on patient QoL, work productivity, daily activities, and emotional well-being. These data highlighted the unique and significant impact of PsA among patients with PsO.<h4>Funding</h4>Eli Lilly and Company.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>Plaque psoriasis (PSO) is a long-term inflammatory condition that can cause concomitant joint symptoms (psoriatic arthritis [PsA]) in up to 30% of patients. The impact of psoriatic disease on disease outcomes and quality of life is greater in women than men.<h4>Objective</h4>We evaluated the impact of psoriatic disease on women aged 18 to 45 years across Europe.<h4>Methods</h4>Women aged 18 to 45 years with moderate to severe PSO, PsA, or PSO + PsA (PSO with progression to PsA) and prior biologic experience were recruited from market research panels and patient association groups of the International Federation of Psoriasis Associations, European Federation of Psoriasis Patient Associations, and Arthritis Ireland and asked to complete a survey. Questions covered social and psychological wellbeing, employment, and family planning. Question types included 5- or 7-point agreement scales, where the highest/lowest two ratings were considered agreement/disagreement, respectively. The results are reported as proportions of those who selected the answer, divided by overall respondents for each question. Women were not required to answer all questions.<h4>Results</h4>Survey respondents (N = 573) had a diagnosis of PSO (n = 236), PsA (n = 173), or PSO + PsA (n = 164). Women self-reported similar mean scores for physical (57.0 of 100) and mental (59.0 of 100) health. A fifth (21%) had not achieved their desired career due to PSO/PsA; career dissatisfaction and increased sick leave were linked to poor mental health. Some women reported having a limited social life (33%), smaller families (34%), and being more likely to adopt children (27%) due to PSO/PsA. A quarter of women (27%) reported not understanding enough about PSO/PsA (nonmembers vs. members of patient association groups: 37% vs. 8%).<h4>Conclusion</h4>Our findings highlight the considerable burden of psoriatic disease on women of childbearing age. Increased provision of information tailored to women, training for health care professionals, and shared decision-making between patients and health care professionals may help better support women with psoriatic disease.
Project description:Interest has increased in comorbidities associated with psoriasis and their effects on health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and to investigate HRQoL and the prevalence of hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), obesity and dyslipidemia. In a cross-sectional design, patients diagnosed with plaque psoriasis answered an interview and standardized questionnaires (Dermatology Life Quality Index questionnaire [DLQI], 36-Item Short Form Health Survey [SF-36] and EuroQol Five-Dimension Questionnaire Three-Level version [EQ-5D-3L]). Physical examination and several tests to assess desired outcomes were performed by a dermatologist and a rheumatologist during three visits. The prevalence of MetS and PsA was 50.0% and 41.8%, respectively. Dyslipidemia was the most prevalent (74.5%) secondary comorbidity, followed by hypertension (61.8%), obesity (52.5%) and T2DM (30.9%). The mean (standard deviation) DLQI score was 6.5 (6.9), and mean physical and mental SF-36 measures were 45.2 (10.4) and 45.5 (12.3), respectively, and for EQ-5D-3L, mean utility index and EQ-VAS scores were 0.68 (0.27) and 72.7 (19.7), respectively. PsA and MetS are important comorbidities; a reduced HRQoL is noted among plaque psoriasis patients with these comorbidities, emphasizing the relevance of diagnosis and treatment beyond the care of skin lesions.
Project description:BACKGROUND:The early detection of psoriatic arthritis (PSA) poses a challenge to rheumatologists, even when their diagnosis is aided by sonography. In order to facilitate early detection of PSA among patients with psoriasis (PSO), we retrospectively analyzed of the relationships between serological markers and comorbidities in 629 psoriatic patients, 102 of which had PSA, while the other 527 had PSO. RESULTS:Serological markers were found not to be useful in distinguishing between PSA and PSO (p >?0.05 for all comparisons). The prevalence rate of PSA among PSO patients was around 19.4%. Two components of metabolic syndrome-hyperlipidemia (2.94%) and gout (4.9%)-were significantly more prevalent in PSA patients than in PSO patients (p <?0.05). The odds ratio for PSA is 15.94 in patients with hyperlipidemia with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of 1.64-154.80; meanwhile, the odds ratio for PSA is 3.83 in patients with gout with a 95% CI of 1.19-12.31. Allergic rhinitis (5.88%) was more prevalent in PSA patients than in PSO patients (p <?0.01). The odds ratio was 8.17 in patients with allergic rhinitis with a 95% CI of 2.26-29.50. Plasma hs-miR-210-3p distinguishes PSA from PSO, and its levels can also be distinguished from PSA after treated with anti-TNF? biologics agents (both p <?0.05). CONCLUSIONS:No clinical available serology markers, but hyperlipidemia, gout, axial spondylopathy (inflammatory back pain), or allergic rhinitis, could differentiate between psoriatic arthritis from psoriasis. Plasma hs-miR-210-3p and comorbidities may differentiate psoriatic arthritis from psoriasis. Key Points • Clinical manifestations and comorbidities are different between psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis only patients. • Traditional serology markers are similar between psoriatic arthritis and psoriasis-only patients. • Plasma hs-miR-210-3p distinguishes PSA from PSO, and its levels can also be distinguished from PSA after treated with anti-TNF? biologics agents in our study.
Project description:We used a southern Swedish cohort of psoriasis (PSO) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients and population-based referents (N = 57,800) to investigate the influence of socioeconomic and demographic factors on the probability of healthcare use and on healthcare costs when controlling for need as measured by PSO/PsA and common additional morbidities such as diabetes, depression and myocardial infarction. People with PSO/PsA were identified by ICD-10 codes in the Skåne Healthcare Register 1998-2007. Resource use and costs for years 2008-2011 were retrieved from the Skåne Healthcare Register and the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register, and socioeconomic data were retrieved from Statistics Sweden. After controlling for PSO/PsA and common additional morbidities, income, and to some extent education, had significant effects on the probability of five types of healthcare use. Overall, income showed a bell-shaped relationship to healthcare costs, with patients in income quintiles 2 and 3 having the highest mean annualized cost irrespective of model specification. Education did not have a significant effect in most specifications. Analyses including interaction effects indicated similarly higher costs across income quintiles in the PSO and PsA subgroups, though these cost differences were lower in magnitude for patients with PSO in quintile 5 and with PsA in quintile 1. In conclusion, our results show persistent socioeconomic disparities in healthcare use among a cohort of chronically ill patients and referents, even after controlling for the presence of PSO/PsA and common additional morbidities. These disparities persist even in a country with general healthcare coverage and low out-of-pocket payments.
Project description:Psoriasis (PsO) is a chronic inflammatory disease with predominantly cutaneous manifestations. Approximately one third of patients with PsO develop psoriatic arthritis (PsA), whereas the remaining proportion of patients has isolated cutaneous psoriasis (PsC). These two phenotypes share common immunology, but with different heredity that might in part be explained by genetic variables.Using a candidate gene approach, we studied 53 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 37 genes that regulate inflammation. In total, we assessed 480 patients with PsO from DERMBIO, of whom 151 had PsC for 10 years or more (PsC10), 459 patients with PsA from DANBIO, and 795 healthy controls. Using logistic regression analysis, crude and adjusted for age and gender, we assessed associations between genetic variants and PsO, PsC10, and PsA, as well as associations between genetic variants and development of PsA in PsO.Eleven polymorphisms in 10 genes were nominally associated with PsO and/or PsC and/or PsA (P < 0.05). After correction for multiple testing with a false discovery rate of 5%, two SNPs remained significant: TNF (rs361525) was associated with PsO, PsC10, and PsA; and IL12B (rs6887695) was associated with PsO.Among a cohort of Danish patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis, two SNPs in the IL12B and TNF genes were associated with susceptibility of psoriasis. None of the SNPs were specifically associated with isolated cutaneous psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis.
Project description:OBJECTIVE:To identify novel serum proteins involved in the pathogenesis of PsA as compared with healthy controls, psoriasis (Pso) and AS, and to explore which proteins best correlated to major clinical features of the disease. METHODS:A high-throughput serum biomarker platform (Olink) was used to assess the level of 951 unique proteins in serum of patients with PsA (n?=?20), Pso (n?=?18) and AS (n?=?19), as well as healthy controls (HC, n?=?20). Pso and PsA were matched for Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) and other clinical parameters. RESULTS:We found 68 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) in PsA as compared with HC. Of those DEPs, 48 proteins (71%) were also dysregulated in Pso and/or AS. Strikingly, there were no DEPs when comparing PsA with Pso directly. On the contrary, hierarchical cluster analysis and multidimensional scaling revealed that HC clustered distinctly from all patients, and that PsA and Pso grouped together. The number of swollen joints had the strongest positive correlation to ICAM-1 (r?=?0.81, P?<?0.001) and CCL18 (0.76, P?<?0.001). PASI score was best correlated to PI3 (r?=?0.54, P?<?0.001) and IL-17 receptor A (r?=?-0.51, P?<?0.01). There were more proteins correlated to PASI score when analysing Pso and PsA patients separately, as compared with analysing Pso and PsA patients pooled together. CONCLUSION:PsA and Pso patients share a serum proteomic signature, which supports the concept of a single psoriatic spectrum of disease. Future studies should target skin and synovial tissues to uncover differences in local factors driving arthritis development in Pso.
Project description:<h4>Importance</h4>While "omics" studies have advanced our understanding of inflammatory skin diseases, metabolomics is mostly an unexplored field in dermatology.<h4>Objective</h4>We sought to elucidate the pathogenesis of psoriatic diseases by determining the differences in metabolomic profiles among psoriasis patients with or without psoriatic arthritis and healthy controls.<h4>Design</h4>We employed a global metabolomics approach to compare circulating metabolites from patients with psoriasis, psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, and healthy controls.<h4>Setting</h4>Study participants were recruited from the general community and from the Psoriasis Clinic at the University of California Davis in United States.<h4>Participants</h4>We examined metabolomic profiles using blood serum samples from 30 patients age and gender matched into three groups: 10 patients with psoriasis, 10 patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis and 10 control participants. Main outcome(s) and measures(s): Metabolite levels were measured calculating the mean peak intensities from gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry.<h4>Results</h4>Multivariate analyses of metabolomics profiles revealed altered serum metabolites among the study population. Compared to control patients, psoriasis patients had a higher level of alpha ketoglutaric acid (Pso: 288 ± 88;<h4>Control</h4>209 ± 69; p=0.03), a lower level of asparagine (Pso: 5460 ± 980;<h4>Control</h4>7260 ± 2100; p=0.02), and a lower level of glutamine (Pso: 86000 ± 20000;<h4>Control</h4>111000 ± 27000; p=0.02). Compared to control patients, patients with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis had increased levels of glucuronic acid (Pso + PsA: 638 ± 250;<h4>Control</h4>347 ± 61; p=0.001). Compared to patients with psoriasis alone, patients with both psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis had a decreased level of alpha ketoglutaric acid (Pso + PsA: 186 ± 80; Pso: 288 ± 88; p=0.02) and an increased level of lignoceric acid (Pso + PsA: 442 ± 280; Pso: 214 ± 64; p=0.02).<h4>Conclusions and relevance</h4>The metabolite differences help elucidate the pathogenesis of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis and they may provide insights for therapeutic development.
Project description:<h4>Background</h4>One in three patients with psoriasis will develop psoriatic arthritis (PsA). If left untreated, this can lead to pain, impaired function, and irreversible joint damage. Timely recognition and referral to a rheumatologist are therefore key. However, current methods used to screen patients with psoriasis for those who might benefit from referral to a rheumatologist are not performing well enough.<h4>Objective</h4>The Discovery of Arthritis in Psoriasis Patients for Early Rheumatological Referral (DAPPER) study is designed to determine the prevalence of PsA in a psoriasis population and to find parameters that can be used to develop a new or enhance an existing instrument for a rheumatological referral.<h4>Methods</h4>DAPPER is a longitudinal observational study with a 1-year follow-up. Patients with psoriasis (N=300) who are treated at an outpatient dermatological clinic will be screened extensively for signs and symptoms of PsA by a trained rheumatologist. If there is clinical suspicion of PsA and the patient is not yet treated by a rheumatologist, referral to the Department of Rheumatology will follow for confirmation of the diagnosis and further care. After 1 year, data on changes in quality of life and PsA and psoriasis disease activity will be collected from the referred patients. The screening visit will be used to gather demographical and medical data, which can later be used to develop the aforementioned screening instrument.<h4>Results</h4>Inclusion started in June 2019 and finished in June 2021. Follow-up with newly discovered patients with PsA is ongoing.<h4>Conclusions</h4>The DAPPER study is specifically designed to improve the detection of existing PsA in a dermatologic outpatient setting. Although internal validity will be tested, external validity will have to be checked using a second validation cohort. To predict the development of PsA in the future, longitudinal/prospective data collection is required and will be performed in a follow-up study (DAPPER-i).<h4>Trial registration</h4>Dutch Trial Register NTR7604; https://www.trialregister.nl/trial/7397.<h4>International registered report identifier (irrid)</h4>DERR1-10.2196/31647.