Identification of tumor suppressor miRNAs by integrative miRNA and mRNA sequencing of matched tumor-normal samples in lung adenocarcinoma.
ABSTRACT: The roles of miRNAs in lung cancer have not yet been explored systematically at the genome scale despite their important regulatory functions. Here, we report an integrative analysis of miRNA and mRNA sequencing data for matched tumor-normal samples from 109 Korean female patients with non-small-cell lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). We produced miRNA sequencing (miRNA-Seq) and RNA-Seq data for 48 patients and RNA-Seq data for 61 additional patients. Subsequent differential expression analysis with stringent criteria yielded 44 miRNAs and 2322 genes. Integrative gene set analysis of the differentially expressed miRNAs and genes using miRNA-target information revealed several regulatory processes related to the cell cycle that were targeted by tumor suppressor miRNAs (TSmiR). We performed colony formation assays in A549 and NCI-H460 cell lines to test the tumor-suppressive activity of downregulated miRNAs in cancer and identified 7 novel TSmiRs (miR-144-5p, miR-218-1-3p, miR-223-3p, miR-27a-5p, miR-30a-3p, miR-30c-2-3p, miR-338-5p). Two miRNAs, miR-30a-3p and miR-30c-2-3p, showed differential survival characteristics in the Tumor Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) LUAD patient cohort indicating their prognostic value. Finally, we identified a network cluster of miRNAs and target genes that could be responsible for cell cycle regulation. Our study not only provides a dataset of miRNA as well as mRNA sequencing from the matched tumor-normal samples, but also reports several novel TSmiRs that could potentially be developed into prognostic biomarkers or therapeutic RNA drugs.
Project description:BACKGROUND: MicroRNA (miRNA) expression is known to be deregulated in ovarian carcinomas. However, limited data is available about the miRNA expression pattern for the benign or borderline ovarian tumors as well as differential miRNA expression pattern associated with histological types, grades or clinical stages in ovarian carcinomas. We defined patterns of microRNA expression in tissues from normal, benign, borderline, and malignant ovarian tumors and explored the relationship between frequently deregulated miRNAs and clinicopathologic findings, response to therapy, survival, and association with Her-2/neu status in ovarian carcinomas. METHODS: We measured the expression of nine miRNAs (miR-181d, miR-30a-3p, miR-30c, miR-30d, miR-30e-3p, miR-368, miR-370, miR-493-5p, miR-532-5p) in 171 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded ovarian tissue blocks as well as six normal human ovarian surface epithelial (HOSE) cell lines using Taqman-based real-time PCR assays. Her-2/neu overexpression was assessed in ovarian carcinomas (n = 109 cases) by immunohistochemistry analysis. RESULTS: Expression of four miRNAs (miR-30c, miR-30d, miR-30e-3p, miR-370) was significantly different between carcinomas and benign ovarian tissues as well as between carcinoma and borderline tissues. An additional three miRNAs (miR-181d, miR-30a-3p, miR-532-5p) were significantly different between borderline and carcinoma tissues. Expression of miR-532-5p was significantly lower in borderline than in benign tissues. Among ovarian carcinomas, expression of four miRNAs (miR-30a-3p, miR-30c, miR-30d, miR-30e-3p) was lowest in mucinous and highest in clear cell samples. Expression of miR-30a-3p was higher in well-differentiated compared to poorly differentiated tumors (P = 0.02), and expression of miR-370 was higher in stage I/II compared to stage III/IV samples (P = 0.03). In multivariate analyses, higher expression of miR-181d, miR-30c, miR-30d, and miR-30e-3p was associated with significantly better disease-free or overall survival. Finally, lower expression of miR-30c, miR-30d, miR-30e-3p and miR-532-5p was significantly associated with overexpression of Her-2/neu. CONCLUSIONS: Aberrant expression of miRNAs is common in ovarian tumor suggesting involvement of miRNA in ovarian tumorigenesis. They are associated with histology, clinical stage, survival and oncogene expression in ovarian carcinoma.
Project description:<h4>Objectives</h4>MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short single-stranded RNAs that play a role in the post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression. Their deregulation can be associated with various diseases, such as cancer, neurodegenerative, and immune-related diseases. The aim of our study was to compare miRNA levels in plasma that could potentially influence the progression of hyperuricemia to gout, since the mechanism of progression is still unclear.<h4>Methods</h4>Total RNA, including miRNA, was isolated from the plasma of 45 patients with asymptomatic hyperuricemia, 131 patients with primary gout (including 16 patients having a gout attack), and 130 normouricemic controls. The expression of 18 selected miRNAs (cel-miR-39 and cel-miR-54 as spike-in controls, hsa-miR-16-5p and hsa-miR-25-3p as endogenous controls, hsa-miR-17-5p, hsa-miR-18a-5p, hsa-miR-30a-3p, hsa-miR-30c-5p, hsa-miR-126-3p, hsa-miR-133a-3p, hsa-miR-142-3p, hsa-miR-143-3p, hsa-miR-146a-5p, hsa-miR-155-5p, hsa-miR-222-3p, hsa-miR-223-3p, hsa-miR-488-3p and hsa-miR-920) was measured using qPCR.<h4>Results</h4>We found that hsa-miR-17-5p, hsa-miR-18a-5p, hsa-miR-30c-5p, hsa-miR-142-3p, and hsa-miR-223-3p were significantly upregulated (p < 0.001) in the plasma of hyperuricemia and gout patients compared to normouricemic individuals. As part of the follow-up of our previous study, we found a negative correlation between hsa-miR-17-5p, hsa-miR-30c-5p, hsa-miR-126-3p, hsa-miR-142-3p, and hsa-miR-223-3p with plasma levels of chemokine MCP-1. Additionally, we found a positive correlation between CRP and plasma levels of hsa-miR-17-5p, hsa-miR-18a-5p, hsa-miR-30c-5p, hsa-miR-126-3p, hsa-miR-142-3p, hsa-miR-146a-5p, hsa-miR-155-5p, hsa-miR-222-3p, and hsa-miR-223-3p. Five of those miRNAs (hsa-miR-126-3p, hsa-miR-142-3p, hsa-miR-146a-5p, hsa-miR-155-5p, and hsa-miR-222-3p) also had a positive correlation with serum creatinine and therefore a negative correlation with eGFR.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Five miRNAs were significantly upregulated in the plasma of patients with hyperuricemia and gout (and those during a gout attack) compared to normouricemic controls. We also found a correlation between the plasma levels of several miRNA and plasma levels of MCP-1, CRP, serum creatinine, and eGFR.
Project description:<h4>Objectives</h4>The aim of this study was to quantitatively assess distinct immune cell subsets comprising inflammatory infiltrate in temporal artery biopsies (TABs) from patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA), and to link the obtained histopathological data with expression profiles of immune-related microRNAs (miRNAs).<h4>Methods</h4>The study included 68 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded TABs from treatment-naïve patients, including 30 histologically positive GCA and 16 negative GCA TABs, and 22 control non-GCA TABs. Quantitative assessment of histological parameters was performed using histopathological and immunohistochemical techniques. miRNA expression analysis was performed by quantitative real-time PCR.<h4>Results</h4>Intense transmural mononuclear inflammatory infiltrates in TAB-positive GCA arteries were predominantly composed of CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup> and CD8<sup>+</sup> T lymphocytes, and CD68<sup>+</sup> macrophages, accompanied by a strong nuclear overexpression of the nuclear factor of activated T cells, cytoplasmic 1 (NFATC) in the lymphocyte infiltrate fraction. Furthermore, TAB-positive GCA arteries were characterized by significant overexpression of nine pro-inflammatory miRNAs (miR-132-3p/-142-3p/-142-5p/-155-5p/-210-3p/-212-3p/-326/-342-5p/-511-5p) and a significant under-expression of six regulatory immune-related miRNAs (miR-30a-5p/-30b-5p/-30c-5p/-30d-5p/-30e-5p/-124-3p), whose expression levels significantly associated with most evaluated histopathological parameters. Notably, we revealed miR-132-3p/-142-3p/-142-5p/-155-5p/-212-3p/-511-5p as major promoters of arterial inflammation and miR-30a-5p/-30c-5p/-30d-5p as putative regulators of NFATC signaling in TAB-positive GCA arteries.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Overall, we demonstrated that an altered arterial tissue-specific pro-inflammatory miRNA signature favors enhanced T cell-driven inflammation and macrophage activity in TAB-positive GCA arteries. Moreover, dysregulation of several immune-related miRNAs seems to contribute crucially to GCA pathogenesis, through impairing their regulatory activity towards T cell-mediated immune responses driven by the calcineurin (CaN)/NFAT signaling pathway, indicating their therapeutic, diagnostic and prognostic potential.
Project description:Breast cancer is the second-most common cancer and second-leading cause of cancer mortality in American women. The dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) plays a key role in almost all cancers, including breast cancer. We comprehensively analyzed miRNA expression, global gene expression, and patient survival from the Cancer Genomes Atlas (TCGA) to identify clinically relevant miRNAs and their potential gene targets in breast tumors. In our analysis, we found that increased expression of 12 mature miRNAs-hsa-miR-320a, hsa-miR-361-5p, hsa-miR-103a-3p, hsa-miR-21-5p, hsa-miR-374b-5p, hsa-miR-140-3p, hsa-miR-25-3p, hsa-miR-651-5p, hsa-miR-200c-3p, hsa-miR-30a-5p, hsa-miR-30c-5p, and hsa-let-7i-5p -each predicted improved breast cancer survival. Of the 12 miRNAs, miR-320a, miR-361-5p, miR-21-5p, miR-103a-3p were selected for further analysis. By correlating global gene expression with miRNA expression and then employing miRNA target prediction analysis, we suggest that the four miRNAs may exert protective phenotypes by targeting breast oncogenes that contribute to patient survival. We propose that miR-320a targets the survival-associated genes RAD51, RRP1B, and TDG; miR-361-5p targets ARCN1; and miR-21-5p targets MSH2, RMND5A, STAG2, and UBE2D3. The results of our stringent bioinformatics approach for identifying clinically relevant miRNAs and their targets indicate that miR-320a, miR-361-5p, and miR-21-5p may contribute to breast cancer survival.
Project description:BACKGROUND:Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia with no curative therapy currently available. Establishment of sensitive and non-invasive biomarkers that promote an early diagnosis of AD is crucial for the effective administration of disease-modifying drugs. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) mediate posttranscriptional repression of numerous target genes. Aberrant regulation of miRNA expression is implicated in AD pathogenesis, and circulating miRNAs serve as potential biomarkers for AD. However, data analysis of numerous AD-specific miRNAs derived from small RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq) is most often laborious. METHODS:To identify circulating miRNA biomarkers for AD, we reanalyzed a publicly available small RNA-Seq dataset, composed of blood samples derived from 48 AD patients and 22 normal control (NC) subjects, by a simple web-based miRNA data analysis pipeline that combines omiRas and DIANA miRPath. RESULTS:By using omiRas, we identified 27 miRNAs expressed differentially between both groups, including upregulation in AD of miR-26b-3p, miR-28-3p, miR-30c-5p, miR-30d-5p, miR-148b-5p, miR-151a-3p, miR-186-5p, miR-425-5p, miR-550a-5p, miR-1468, miR-4781-3p, miR-5001-3p, and miR-6513-3p and downregulation in AD of let-7a-5p, let-7e-5p, let-7f-5p, let-7g-5p, miR-15a-5p, miR-17-3p, miR-29b-3p, miR-98-5p, miR-144-5p, miR-148a-3p, miR-502-3p, miR-660-5p, miR-1294, and miR-3200-3p. DIANA miRPath indicated that miRNA-regulated pathways potentially downregulated in AD are linked with neuronal synaptic functions, while those upregulated in AD are implicated in cell survival and cellular communication. CONCLUSIONS:The simple web-based miRNA data analysis pipeline helps us to effortlessly identify candidates for miRNA biomarkers and pathways of AD from the complex small RNA-Seq data.
Project description:Some microRNAs (miRNAs) are known to suppress breast cancer. However, whether the expressions of these tumor suppressive miRNAs translate to patient survival were not investigated in large cohort. Nine miRNAs (miR-30a, miR-30c, miR-31, miR-126, miR-140, miR-146b, miR-200c, miR-206, and miR-335) known to be tumor suppressive miRNAs in breast cancer were investigated in Genomic Data Common data portal miRNA-Seq dataset and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) (n?=?1052). Of the 9 miRNAs, miR-30a, miR-30c, miR-126, miR-140, miR-206, and miR-335 were found to have significantly lower expression in breast cancer tissues compared to paired normal breast tissue. High expression of miR-30a or miR-200c was associated with significantly better overall survival (OS). Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) demonstrated that low expression levels of miR-30a had the tendency to associate with gene enrichment of EMT, while miR-200c did not, in TCGA cohort, and our findings support the need of validation using large cohort to use miRNA as prognostic biomarker for patients with breast cancer.
Project description:Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), the most common histological type of non-small cell lung cancer, is one of the most malignant and deadly diseases. Current treatments for advanced LUAD patients are far from ideal and require further improvements. Here, we utilized a systematic integrative analysis of LUAD microRNA sequencing (miRNA-seq) and RNA-seq data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) to identify clinically relevant tumor suppressor miRNAs. Three miRNA candidates (miR-195-5p, miR-101-3p, and miR-338-5p) were identified based on their differential expressions, survival significance levels, correlations with targets, and an additive effect on survival among them. We further evaluated mimics of the three miRNAs to determine their therapeutic potential in inhibiting cancer progression. The results showed not only that each of the miRNA mimics alone but also the three miRNA mimics in combination were efficient at inhibiting tumor growth and progression with equal final concentrations, meaning that the three miRNA mimics in combination were more effective than the single miRNA mimics. Moreover, the combined miRNA mimics provided significant therapeutic effects in terms of reduced tumor volume and metastasis nodules in lung tumor animal models. Hence, our findings show the potential of using the three miRNAs in combination to treat LUAD patients with poor survival outcomes.
Project description:High tibial osteotomy (HTO) is a well-established treatment for medial compartmental knee osteoarthritis. Several microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in osteoarthritis progression and are useful as osteoarthritis-related biomarkers. In this prospective study, we investigated differentially expressed microRNAs in the synovial fluid (SF) before and after HTO in patients with medial compartmental knee osteoarthritis to identify microRNAs that can be used as prognostic biomarkers. We used miRNA-PCR arrays to screen for miRNAs in SF samples obtained preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively from 6 patients with medial compartmental knee osteoarthritis who were treated with medial open wedge HTO. Differentially expressed miRNAs identified in the profiling stage were validated by real-time quantitative PCR in 22 other patients who had also been treated with HTO. All patients radiographically corresponded to Kellgren-Lawrence grade II or III with medial compartmental osteoarthritis. These patients were clinically assessed using a visual analogue scale and Western Ontario McMaster Universities scores. Mechanical axis changes were measured on standing anteroposterior radiographs of the lower limbs assessed preoperatively and at 6 months postoperatively. Among 84 miRNAs known to be involved in the inflammatory process, 14 were expressed in all SF specimens and 3 (miR-30a-5p, miR-29a-3p, and miR-30c-5p) were differentially expressed in the profiling stage. These 3 miRNAs, as well as 4 other miRNAs (miR-378a-5p, miR-140-3p, miR-23a-3p, miR-27b-3p), are related to osteoarthritis progression. These results were validated in the SF from 22 patients. Clinical and radiological outcomes improved after HTO in all patients, and only 2 miRNAs (miR-30c-5p and miR-23a-3p) were significantly differentially expressed between preoperative and postoperative 6-month SF samples (p = 0.006 and 0.007, respectively). Of these two miRNAs, miR-30c-5p correlated with postoperative pain relief. This study provides potential prognostic miRNAs after HTO and further investigations should be considered to determine clinical implications of these miRNAs.
Project description:<b>Background: </b>Untreated nephropathy can progress to renal failure. The traditional Mongolian remedy Narenmandula regulates the kidney "yang." This study aimed to identify key microRNAs (miRNAs) targeted by Narenmandula in a rat model of nephropathy.<br><br><b>Methods: </b>Fifteen rats exhibiting normal renal function were randomized to three study arms. Nephropathy was induced in <i>n</i>?=?10 rats using doxorubicin hydrochloride, followed by either Narenmandula treatment (treatment group) or no treatment (control group). In <i>n</i>?=?5 rats, no doxorubicin was given and renal function remained unchanged (healthy group). Microarray analysis identified miRNAs which were differentially expressed (DE-miRNAs) between groups. Target genes of DE-miRNAs were predicted using miRWalk version 2.0, followed by enrichment analysis using DAVID, and construction of the miRNA coregulatory network using Cytoscape.<br><br><b>Results: </b>Nephropathy was successfully induced, with doxorubicin resulting in differential expression of 3645 miRNAs (1324 upregulated and 2321 downregulated). Narenmandula treatment induced differential expression of a total of 159 miRNAs (102 upregulated and 57 downregulated). Upregulated DE-miRNAs (e.g., miR-497-5p, miR-195-5p, miR-181a-5p, miR-181c-5p, and miR-30e-5p) and downregulated DE-miRNAs (e.g., miR-330-3p and miR-214-3p) regulated a high number of target genes. Moreover, the miRNA pairs (e.g., miR-195-5p-miR-497-5p, miR-181a-5p-miR-181c-5p, and miR-30e-5p-miR-30a-5p) coregulated a high number of genes. Enrichment analysis indicated functional synergy between miR-30e-5p-miR-30a-3p, miR-34a-5p-miR-30e-5p, miR-30e-5p-miR-195-3p, and miR-30a-3p-miR-195-3p pairs.<br><br><b>Conclusion: </b>Narenmandula may modulate doxorubicin-induced nephropathy via targeting miR-497-5p, miR-195-5p, miR-181a-5p, miR-181c-5p, miR-30e-5p, miR-330-3p, miR-214-3p, miR-34a-5p, miR-30a-3p, and miR-30a-5p.
Project description:Influenza is a serious worldwide disease that captures global attention in the past few years after outbreaks. The recent discoveries of microRNA (miRNA) and its unique expression profile in influenza patients have offered a new method for early influenza diagnosis. The aim of this study was to examine the utility of miRNAs for the diagnosis of influenza.Thirteen selected miRNAs were investigated with the hosts' throat swabs (25 H1N1, 20 H3N2, 20 influenza B and 21 healthy controls) by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) using U6 snRNA as endogenous control for normalization, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve/Area under curve (AUC) for analysis.miR-29a-3p, miR-30c-5p, miR-34c-3p and miR-181a-5p are useful biomarkers for influenza A detection; and miR-30c-5p, miR-34b-5p, miR-205-5p and miR-449b-5p for influenza B detection. Also, use of both miR-30c-5p and miR-34c-3p (AUC=0.879); and miR-30c-5p and miR-449b-5p (AUC=0.901) are better than using one miRNA to confirm influenza A and influenza B infection, respectively.Given its simplicity, non-invasiveness and specificity, we found that the throat swab-derived miRNAs miR-29a-3p, miR-30c-5p, miR-34b-5p, miR-34c-3p, miR-181a-5p, miR-205-5p and miR-449b-5p are a useful tool for influenza diagnosis on influenza A and B.