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Original plant traceability of Dendrobium species using multi-spectroscopy fusion and mathematical models.


ABSTRACT: Dendrobium is the largest genus of orchids most of which have excellent medicinal properties. Fresh stems of some species have been consumed in daily life by Asians for thousands of years. However, there are differences in flavour and clinical efficacy among different species. Therefore, it is necessary for a detector to establish an effective and rapid method controlling botanical origins of these crude materials. In our study, three spectroscopies including mid-infrared (MIR) (transmission and reflection mode) and near-infrared (NIR) spectra were investigated for authentication of 12 Dendrobium species. Generally, two fusion strategies, reflection MIR and NIR spectra, were combined with three mathematical models (random forest, support vector machine with grid search (SVM-GS) and partial least-squares discrimination analysis (PLS-DA)) for discrimination analysis. In conclusion, a low-level fusion strategy comprising two spectra after pretreated by the second derivative and multiplicative scatter correction was recommended for discrimination analysis because of its excellent performance in three models. Compared with MIR spectra, NIR spectra were more responsible for the discrimination according to a bi-plot analysis of PLS-DA. Moreover, SVM-GS and PLS-DA were suitable for accurate discrimination (100% accuracy rates) of calibration and validation sets. The protocol combined with low-level fusion strategy and chemometrics provides a rapid and effective reference for control of botanical origins in crude Dendrobium materials.

SUBMITTER: Wang Y 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6549973 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4496120

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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