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CTX-M type extended-spectrum β-lactamase in Escherichia coli isolated from extra-intestinal infections in a tertiary care hospital in south India.

ABSTRACT: Background & objectives:Infections caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli carrying blaCTX-M genes have been spreading globally, but there are geographical variations in the type of blaCTX-Mgenes prevalent and there are scanty data from India. This study was conducted to determine the CTX-M type ESBLs in E. coli isolates obtained from clinical specimens from patients with extra-intestinal infections attending a tertiary care hospital in south India. Methods:ESBL-producing E. coli isolated from patients with extra-intestinal infections were subjected to PCR using CTX-M group-specific primers. From a representative isolate, full-length CTX-M-15 gene was amplified and sequenced. An internal fragment of this gene was sequenced in 10 representative isolates. Results:Of the 300 isolates of E. coli tested, 88 per cent carried CTX-M genes and blaCTX-M-15was the most dominant gene present in 90 per cent of the positive isolates. Most (91%) of the isolates positive for blaCTX-M were sensitive to meropenem. Interpretation & conclusions:Our findings showed blaCTX-M-15 to be the dominant gene. Based on the data on antimicrobial susceptibility, cefoperazone-sulbactum could be an antimicrobial of choice.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6563725 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01


REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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