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Direct band-gap crossover in epitaxial monolayer boron nitride.

ABSTRACT: Hexagonal boron nitride is a large band-gap insulating material which complements the electronic and optical properties of graphene and the transition metal dichalcogenides. However, the intrinsic optical properties of monolayer boron nitride remain largely unexplored. In particular, the theoretically expected crossover to a direct-gap in the limit of the single monolayer is presently not confirmed experimentally. Here, in contrast to the technique of exfoliating few-layer 2D hexagonal boron nitride, we exploit the scalable approach of high-temperature molecular beam epitaxy to grow high-quality monolayer boron nitride on graphite substrates. We combine deep-ultraviolet photoluminescence and reflectance spectroscopy with atomic force microscopy to reveal the presence of a direct gap of energy 6.1?eV in the single atomic layers, thus confirming a crossover to direct gap in the monolayer limit.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6572751 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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