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Factor Analysis of the Apathy Scale in Parkinson's Disease.


ABSTRACT: Background:The Apathy Scale (AS), a popular measure of apathy in Parkinson's disease (PD), has been somewhat limited for failing to characterize dimensions of apathy, such as those involving cognitive, behavioral, and emotional apathy symptoms. This study sought to determine whether factors consistent with these apathy dimensions in PD could be identified on the AS, examine the associations between these factors and disease-related characteristics, and compare PD patients and healthy control (HCs) on identified factors. Methods:Confirmatory (CFA) and exploratory factor analysis (EFA) were conducted on AS scores of 157 nondemented PD patients to identify AS factors. These factors were then correlated with important disease-related characteristics, and PD and HC participants were compared across these factors. Results:Previously proposed AS models failed to achieve an adequate fit in CFA. A subsequent EFA revealed two factors on the AS reflecting joint cognitive-behavioral aspects of apathy (Motivation-Interest-Energy) and emotional apathy symptoms (Indifference). Both factors were associated with anxiety, depression, health-related quality of life, and independent activities of daily living, with Indifference associated more with the latter. In addition, only the Indifference factor was associated with cognitive functioning. PD patients reported higher levels of symptoms than HCs on both factors, with the group difference slightly larger on the Motivation-Interest-Energy factor. Conclusion:The AS can be decomposed into two factors reflecting Motivation-Interest-Energy and Indifference symptoms. These factors are differentially associated with clinical variables, including cognition and independent activities of daily living, indicating the importance of evaluating apathy from a multidimensional perspective.

SUBMITTER: Lopez FV 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6592795 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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