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SmFRET Probing Reveals Substrate-Dependent Conformational Dynamics of E. coli Multidrug MdfA.


ABSTRACT: Bacterial multidrug-resistance transporters of the major facilitator superfamily are distinguished by their extraordinary ability to bind structurally diverse substrates, thus serving as a highly efficient tool to protect cells from multiple toxic substances present in their environment, including antibiotic drugs. However, details of the dynamic conformational changes of the transport cycle involved remain to be elucidated. Here, we used the single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer technique to investigate the conformational behavior of the Escherichia coli multidrug transporter MdfA under conditions of different substrates, pH, and alkali metal ions. Our data show that different substrates exhibit distinct effects on both the conformational distribution and transition rate between two major conformations. Although the cationic substrate tetraphenylphosphonium favors the outward-facing conformation, it has less effect on the transition rate. In contrast, binding of the electroneutral substrate chloramphenicol tends to stabilize the inward-facing conformation and decreases the transition rate. Therefore, our study supports the notion that the MdfA transporter uses distinct mechanisms to transport electroneutral and cationic substrates.

SUBMITTER: Zhu Y 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6592872 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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