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Mesenchymal stromal cells contract collagen more efficiently than dermal fibroblasts: Implications for cytotherapy.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Stem cell therapy is the next generation a well-established technique. Cell therapy with mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) has been demonstrated to enhance wound healing in diabetic mice, at least partly due to improved growth factor production. However, it is unclear whether MSC can biomechanically affect wound closure. Utilizing the well-established cell-populated collagen gel contraction model we investigated the interactions between MSC and the extracellular matrix. METHODS:Murine fetal liver-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs) or fetal Dermal Fibroblasts (DFs) were cultured in cell-populated collagen gels (CPCGs). The effect of cell density, conditioned media, growth factors (TGF-B1, FGF, PDGF-BB), cytoskeletal disruptors (colchicine, cytochalasin-D), and relative hypoxia on gel contraction were evaluated. Finally, we also measured the expression of integrin receptors and some growth factors by MSCs within the contracting gels. RESULTS:Our results show that at different densities, MSCs induced a higher gel contraction compared to DFs. Higher cell density resulted in faster and more complete contraction of CPCGs. Cytoskeletal inhibitors either inhibited or prevented MSC-mediated contraction in a dose dependent fashion. Growth factors, conditioned media from both MSC and DF, and hypoxia all influenced CPCG contraction. DISCUSSION:The results suggest that MSCs are capable of directly contributing to wound closure through matrix contraction, and they are more effective than DF. In addition, this study demonstrates the importance of how other factors such as cell concentration, cytokines, and oxygen tension can provide potential modulation of therapies to correct wound healing impairments.

SUBMITTER: Hilton SA 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6629071 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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