Dataset Information


Sustainable Biocomposites from Pyrolyzed Grass and Toughened Polypropylene: Structure-Property Relationships.

ABSTRACT: A novel class of injection-molded, toughened biocomposites was engineered from pyrolyzed miscanthus-based biocarbon, poly(octene ethylene) elastomer, and polypropylene (PP). The elastomer and biocarbon were added to the PP matrix at 30 and 20 wt %, respectively. The particle size of the biocarbon varied within two main ranges: <20 and 106-125 ?m. The morphology and adhesion between the filler and the matrix were controlled by the addition of maleic anhydride grafted PP (MAPP). The composites were melt-blended and then injection-molded to tensile, flexural, and impact bars. The results showed that although the morphology of the composite is almost independent of particle size it is greatly dependent on the addition of MAPP. Two completely different morphologies, separate dispersion and encapsulated filler particles, were obtained in the presence and absence of MAPP, which was verified by atomic force and scanning electron microscopies. Model calculations based on a modified Kerner equation showed that the encapsulated filler content decreased from 64 to 8% by the addition of MAPP, which caused a major improvement in the stiffness and strength of the composites. Despite having a different morphology caused by the compatibilizer, composites with smaller particles exhibited better strength and modulus and lower impact toughness compared to those with a larger particle size. Results suggest that the failure mechanisms are mainly controlled by the local fracturing of biocarbon particles, which was more pronounced when the particle size was larger.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6640997 | BioStudies | 2017-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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