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Three-Component One-Pot Approach to Highly Efficient and Sustainable Synthesis of the Functionalized Quinolones via Linear/Branched Domino Protocols, Key Synthetic Methods for the Floxacin of Quinolone Drugs.

ABSTRACT: The development of a clear chemical process to produce diverse value-added chemicals from low-cost raw materials is a particularly attractive concept and represents a considerable challenge in sustainable organic synthesis. Herein, two highly efficient and clear methods for the synthesis of quinolone derivatives based on a linear/branched domino protocol under sustainable conditions were established. The main advantages of these protocols are the simple experimental procedure, high bond-forming efficiency, inexpensive readily available starting materials, moderate to excellent yields with good functional group compatibility, and nonchromatographic purification, which render these methods particularly attractive for the sustainable preparation of biologically and medicinally interesting molecules. To demonstrate the practical utility of our protocol, existing pharmaceutical sarafloxacin was successfully synthesized. Furthermore, a postulated reaction pathway including condensation reaction/nucleophilic aromatic substitution/Friedel-Crafts reaction for these domino reactions is also discussed.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6645088 | BioStudies | 2018-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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