Synthesis of Positively Charged Polystyrene Microspheres for the Removal of Congo Red, Phosphate, and Chromium(VI).
ABSTRACT: Uniform positively charged polystyrene microspheres were synthesized and further examined as a new sorbent for water remediation. The structures of the resulting sorbent were characterized by field-emission scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and 1H nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The adsorption performance of the sorbent was evaluated using three typical pollutants, namely, Congo red, phosphate, and Cr(VI). The adsorption isotherms were fitted by the Langmuir and Freundlich models, while the adsorption kinetics was analyzed by the pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and intraparticle diffusion equations. The thermodynamic parameters of the adsorption process including changes of enthalpy, entropy and Gibbs free energy, and binding constant were obtained by isothermal titration calorimetry measurements. The effects of solution pH and competitive ions on the adsorption process were investigated. The adsorption isotherms could be better fitted by the Langmuir model, yielding maximum adsorption capacities of 18, 6.2, and 1.1 mg g-1 for the adsorption of Congo red, Cr(VI), and phosphate, respectively. The adsorption kinetics could be best described by the pseudo-second-order equation. The spent sorbent was regenerated by washing with 1 M KOH and showed outstanding long-term cyclic performance. The findings suggested that the positive charges at the surface of polystyrene microspheres could serve as effective sites for the immobilization of anionic pollutants in solutions owing to the electrostatic attraction.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC6648410 | BioStudies |