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Proteome Analysis Using Gel-LC-MS/MS.


ABSTRACT: This article describes processing of protein samples using 1D SDS gels prior to protease digestion for proteomics workflows that subsequently utilize reversed-phase nanocapillary ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography (LC) coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The resulting LC-MS/MS data are used to identify peptides and thereby infer proteins present in samples ranging from simple mixtures to very complex proteomes. Bottom-up proteome studies usually involve quantitative comparisons across several or many samples. For either situation, 1D SDS gels represent a simple, widely available technique that can be used to either fractionate complex proteomes or rapidly clean up low microgram samples with minimal losses. After gel separation and staining/destaining, appropriate gel slices are excised, and in-gel reduction, alkylation, and protease digestion are performed. Digests are then processed for LC-MS/MS analysis. Protocols are described for either sample fractionation with high-throughput processing of many samples or simple cleanup without fractionation. An optional strategy is to conduct in-solution reduction and alkylation prior to running gels, which is advantageous when a large number of samples will be separated into large numbers of fractions. Optimization of trypsin digestion parameters and comparison to in-solution protease digestion are also described. © 2019 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

SUBMITTER: Goldman AR 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6653605 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.14440/jbm.2016.106

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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