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Hcr1/eIF3j Is a 60S Ribosomal Subunit Recycling Accessory Factor In Vivo.


ABSTRACT: Hcr1/eIF3j is a sub-stoichiometric subunit of eukaryotic initiation factor 3 (eIF3) that can dissociate the post-termination 40S ribosomal subunit from mRNA in vitro. We examine this ribosome recycling role in vivo by ribosome profiling and reporter assays and find that loss of Hcr1 leads to reinitiation of translation in 3' UTRs, consistent with a defect in recycling. However, the defect appears to be in the recycling of the 60S subunit, rather than the 40S subunit, because reinitiation does not require an AUG codon and is suppressed by overexpression of the 60S dissociation factor Rli1/ABCE1. Consistent with a 60S recycling role, overexpression of Hcr1 cannot compensate for loss of 40S recycling factors Tma64/eIF2D and Tma20/MCT-1. Intriguingly, loss of Hcr1 triggers greater expression of RLI1 via an apparent feedback loop. These findings suggest Hcr1/eIF3j is recruited to ribosomes at stop codons and may coordinate the transition to a new round of translation.

SUBMITTER: Young DJ 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6661068 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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