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Expression of programmed cell death-ligand 1 in primary testicular diffuse large B cell lymphoma: A retrospective study.


ABSTRACT: The present study evaluated programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in tumor cells and in the tumor microenvironment (TME) and its association with clinical data in primary testicular diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL). PD-L1 was determined by immunohistochemistry in 30 patients with primary testicular DLBCL and assessed for associations with clinical characteristics, progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). The mean patient age was 62.2 years. Overall, 10 (33.3%) patients had advanced-stage (stage III/IV) disease and 14 (46.7%) patients had an International Prognostic Index (IPI) of ≥3. The median follow-up time following orchiectomy was 23.5 months. During this time, 10 (33.3%) patients experienced disease progression and 11 (36.7%) patients succumbed. PD-L1 expression in tumor cells and in the TME was detected in 20 (66.7%) and 13 (43.3%) patients, respectively. PD-L1 expression on tumor cells and in the TME was higher in those at an early stage compared with patients with an advanced stage of disease (P=0.045 and 0.017, respectively). In addition, PD-L1 expression in tumor cells was higher in patients with a low IPI compared with those with a high IPI (P=0.019). A Kaplan-Meier analysis identified no association of PD-L1 expression on tumor cells with PFS (P=0.763) or OS (P=0.531), or of PD-L1 expression in the TME with PFS (P=0.572) or OS (P=0.934). The present study demonstrated that PD-L1 expression in tumor cells and in the TME was higher in patients at an early stage of disease compared with those at an advanced stage, and that PD-L1 expression on tumor cells was higher in patients with a low IPI than in those with a high IPI. Furthermore, PD-L1 expression in tumor cells and in the TME was not associated with PFS or OS.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6676532 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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