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Wnt5a-Mediated Neutrophil Recruitment Has an Obligatory Role in Pressure Overload-Induced Cardiac Dysfunction.


ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND:Although the complex roles of macrophages in myocardial injury are widely appreciated, the function of neutrophils in nonischemic cardiac pathology has received relatively little attention. METHODS:To examine the regulation and function of neutrophils in pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy, mice underwent treatment with Ly6G antibody to deplete neutrophils and then were subjected to transverse aortic constriction. RESULTS:Neutrophil depletion diminished transverse aortic constriction-induced hypertrophy and inflammation and preserved cardiac function. Myeloid deficiency of Wnt5a, a noncanonical Wnt, suppressed neutrophil infiltration to the hearts of transverse aortic constriction-treated mice and produced a phenotype that was similar to the neutropenic conditions. Conversely, mice overexpressing Wnt5a in myeloid cells displayed greater hypertrophic growth, inflammation, and cardiac dysfunction. Neutrophil depletion reversed the Wnt5a overexpression-induced cardiac pathology and eliminated differences in cardiac parameters between wild-type and myeloid-specific Wnt5a transgenic mice. CONCLUSIONS:These findings reveal that Wnt5a-regulated neutrophil infiltration has a critical role in pressure overload-induced heart failure.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6684855 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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