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Mutation screening of crystallin genes in Chinese families with congenital cataracts.


ABSTRACT: Purpose:To identify mutations in crystallin genes in Chinese families with congenital cataracts. Methods:Forty-two unrelated families with non-syndromic congenital cataracts were enrolled in this study. The coding exons and adjacent intronic regions of crystallin genes, including CRYAA, CRYAB, CRYBA1, CRYBA4, CRYBB1, CRYBB2, CRYBB3, CRYGC, CRYGD and CRYGS, were analyzed with Sanger sequencing. Novel variants were further evaluated in 112 ethnically matched controls. To confirm the novel mutations, short tandem repeat (STR) haplotypes were constructed to check the cosegregation with congenital cataract. The pathogenic potential of the novel mutations were assessed using bioinformatics tools, including Sorting Intolerant From Tolerant v5.1.1 (SIFT), Polymorphism Phenotyping v2 (PolyPhen-2), and Human Splicing Finder. The pathogenicity of all the mutations was evaluated according to the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) and InterVar software. Results:Seven previously reported mutations in crystallin genes identified in ten unrelated families were associated with the congenital nuclear cataracts. Four novel mutations in crystallin genes, including c.35G>T (p.R12L) in CRYAA, c.463C>A (p.Q155K) in CRYBB2, IVS1 c.10-1G>A in CRYGC, and c.346delT (p.F116Sfsx29) in CRYGD, were identified in four unrelated families with congenital cataracts. These mutations cosegregated with all affected individuals in each family were not observed in the unaffected family members or in the 112 unrelated controls. All four novel mutations were categorized as disease "likely pathogenic" except IVS1 c.10-1G>A in CRYGC "pathogenic" using InterVar software in accordance with the ACMG standard. Mutations in crystallin genes were responsible for 33.33% of the Chinese families with congenital cataracts in this cohort. Conclusions:In this study, we identified four novel mutations in crystallin genes in Chinese families with congenital cataracts. The results expand the mutational spectrum of crystallin genes, which may be helpful for the molecular diagnosis of congenital cataracts in the era of precision medicine.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6707615 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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