LncRNA ELF3-AS1 is involved in the regulation of oral squamous cell carcinoma cell proliferation by reprogramming glucose metabolism.
ABSTRACT: Purpose:The present study aims to investigate the role of ELF3-AS1 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Patients and methods:A total of 112 patients with OSCC were admitted in Guangdong Provincial Stomatological Hospital from March 2016 to March 2019. RT-qPCR, cells and transient transfections, cell proliferation rate measurements and Western blots were carried out to analyze the samples. Results:In the present study, we showed that ELF3-AS1 and glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) were both upregulated in OSCC tissues, and those two factors were positively correlated. In OSCC cells, ELF3-AS1 overexpression resulted in upregulation, while ELF3-AS1 siRNA silencing caused downregulated expression of GLUT1 and glucose uptake. ELF3-AS1 and GLUT1 overexpression resulted in increased rate of OSCC cells, while ELF3-AS1 and GLUT1 siRNA silencing resulted in decreased proliferation rate of OSCC cells. In addition, GLUT1 siRNA silencing attenuated the effects of ELF3-AS1 overexpression. Conclusion:Therefore, ELF3-AS1 promotes the proliferation of OSCC cells by reprogramming glucose metabolism.
Project description:A recent study characterized the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) ELF3-antisense RNA 1 (ELF3-AS1) as an oncogenic lncRNA in bladder cancer. The present study aimed to investigate the role of ELF3-AS1 in osteosarcoma (OS). It was found that ELF3-AS1 was upregulated in OS tissues, and ELF3-AS1 expression level increased with increasing clinical stage. In OS tissues, Kruppel-like factor 12 (KLF12) was positively correlated with ELF3-AS1, while microRNA (miR)-205 was negatively correlated with ELF3-AS1. ELF3-AS1 overexpression resulted in the upregulation of KLF12, but the downregulation of miR-205. Overexpression of miR-205 caused downregulation of KLF12, but had no significant effects on ELF3-AS1 expression. Overexpression of KLF12 showed no significant impact on ELF3-AS1 and miR-205. ELF3-AS1 and KLF12 overexpression resulted in an increased proliferation rate in OS cells, while miR-205 played an opposite role and attenuated the effects of ELF3-AS1 overexpression. ELF3-AS1 overexpression promoted the methylation of the miR-205 gene. Therefore, ELF3-AS1 may promote OS cell proliferation by upregulating KLF12 through the methylation of the miR-205 gene.
Project description:Background:: Recent studies have shown that USP13 a deubiquitinase, serves as an important regulator of tumorigenesis. However, the biological role of USP13 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) remains enigmatic. Materials and methods:: We examined USP13 expression in OSCC and adjacent normal tissues by immunohistochemical staining. The biological functions of USP13 in OSCC cells and the possible underlying mechanisms were investigated. Results:: In this study, we showed that USP13 expression was frequently reduced in human OSCC specimens and that the reduction was correlated with the clinical stage. Functional studies demonstrated that overexpression of USP13 suppressed OSCC cell proliferation, glucose uptake and lactate production in vitro and inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Furthermore, USP13 overexpression induced phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) expression and repressed the activation of AKT as well as the expression of the downstream effectors glucose transporter-1 (GLUT1) and hexokinase-2 (HK2). Overexpression of PTEN reversed the USP13-knockdown-induced glucose uptake, lactate production, AKT activation, and expression of GLUT1 and HK2. Conclusion:: Our findings suggest that USP13 serves as a tumor suppressor by regulating the PTEN/AKT signaling pathway in OSCC cells, improving our understanding of OSCC progression and providing a clue for the development of a novel cancer therapy.
Project description:Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most lethal malignant diseases worldwide. Despite advances in the diagnosis and treatment of HCC, its overall prognosis remains poor. Recent studies have shown that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play crucial roles in various pathophysiological processes, including liver cancer. In the current study, we report that lncRNA SLC2A1-AS1 is frequently downregulated in HCC samples, as shown by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis. SLC2A1-AS1 deletion is significantly associated with recurrence-free survival in HCC. By performing glucose uptake, lactate production and ATP detection assays, we found that SLC2A1-AS1-mediated glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) downregulation significantly suppressed glycolysis of HCC. In vitro Cell Counting Kit-8, colony formation, transwell assays as well as in vivo tumorigenesis and metastasis assays showed that SLC2A1-AS1 overexpression significantly suppressed proliferation and metastasis in HCC through the transcriptional inhibition of GLUT1. Results from fluorescence in situ hybridization, ChIP and luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that SLC2A1-AS1 exerts its regulatory role on GLUT1 by competitively binding to transketolase and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and inhibits the transactivation of Forkhead box M1 (FOXM1) via STAT3, thus resulting in inactivation of the FOXM1/GLUT1 axis in HCC cells. Our findings will be helpful for understanding the function and mechanism of lncRNA in HCC. These data also highlight the crucial role of SLC2A1-AS1 in HCC aerobic glycolysis and progression and pave the way for further research regarding the potential of SLC2A1-AS1 as a valuable predictive biomarker for HCC recurrence.
Project description:IGF2BP1 overexpression promotes hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression. Long non-coding RNA LIN28B-AS1 directly binds to IGF2BP1. In the present study, LIN28B-AS1 and IGF2BP1 expression and their potential functions in HCC cells were tested. Genetic strategies were applied to interfere their expression, and cell survival, proliferation and apoptosis were analyzed. We show that LIN28B-AS1 is expressed in established/primary human HCC cells and HCC tissues. RNA-immunoprecipitation (RIP) and RNA pull-down results confirmed that LIN28B-AS1 directly associated with IGF2BP1 protein in HCC cells. LIN28B-AS1 silencing (by targeted siRNAs) or knockout (KO, by CRISPR-Cas9 method) depleted IGF2BP1-dependent mRNAs (IGF2, Gli1, and Myc), inhibiting HCC cell growth, proliferation, migration, and invasion. Conversely, ectopic overexpression of LIN28B-AS1 upregulated IGF2BP1-dependent mRNAs and promoted HCC cell progression in vitro. Importantly, ectopic IGF2BP1 overexpression failed to rescue LIN28B-AS1-KO HepG2 cells. LIN28B-AS1 siRNA and overexpression were ineffective in IGF2BP1-KO HepG2 cells. In vivo, LIN28B-AS1 KO-HepG2 xenograft tumors grew significantly slower than the control tumors in the nude mice. Taken together, we conclude that LIN28B-AS1 associates with IGF2BP1 to promote human HCC cell progression in vitro and in vivo.
Project description:There is increasing evidence in support of the role of lncRNAs in tumor cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis.We examined the expression of the lncRNA ABHD11-AS1 in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) tissues and normal ovarian tissues by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). After inducing ABHD11-AS1 downregulation by small interfering RNA (siRNA) or ABHD11-AS1 overexpression by plasmid transfection, we examined the EOC cell phenotypes and expression of related molecules.Expression of the lncRNA ABHD11-AS1 in EOC tissues was higher than that in normal ovarian tissue. It was positively associated with the tumor stage (stage I/II vs. stage III/IV), and it was lower in the well-differentiated group than in the poorly/moderately differentiated group. Overexpression of ABHD11-AS1 in the ovarian cancer cell lines A2780 and OVCAR3 promoted ovarian cancer cell proliferation, invasion and migration, and inhibited apoptosis. Silencing of ABHD11-AS1 had the opposite effect. Subcutaneous injection of tumor cells in nude mice showed that ABHD11-AS1 could significantly promote tumor growth. In addition, intraperitoneal injection of tumor cells in the nude mice resulted in an increase in the metastatic ability of the tumor. Further, overexpression of ABHD11-AS1 upregulated the expression of RhoC and its downstream molecules P70s6k, MMP2 and BCL-xL. Silencing of ABHD11-AS1 had the opposite effect. The RNA pull-down assay showed that ABHD11-AS1 can combine directly with RhoC. Silencing of RhoC was found to inhibit the cancer-promoting effects of lncRNA ABHD11-AS1. Thus, it seems that RhoC is a major target of the lncRNA ABHD11-AS1.This is the first study to demonstrate the role of RhoC in the tumor-promoting effects of the lncRNA ABHD11-AS1. The present findings shed light on new therapeutic targets for ovarian cancer treatment.
Project description:BACKGROUND We explored the role of MACC1-AS1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS Measurement of preoperative plasma levels of MACC1-AS1 was performed by qPCR, and the comparison between the HCC and Control group was performed by unpaired t test. The overexpression of TGF-ß1 in SNU-182 and SNU-398 cells was confirmed by qPCR. RESULTS MACC1-AS1 was overexpressed in HCC patients. In comparison to pretreatment level, distant recurrence (DR) was accompanied by increased levels of MACC1-AS1 in plasma, but this phenomenon was not observed in cases of local recurrence (LR) or non-recurrence (NR). In HCC cells, MACC1-AS1 positively regulated the expression of TGF-ß1. MACC1-AS1 overexpression resulted in increased invasion and migration rates of HCC cells, while siRNA silencing resulted in reduced rates. Moreover, TGF-ß1 overexpression reduced the effects of MACC1-AS1 siRNA silencing. CONCLUSIONS MACC1-AS1 is involved in the distant recurrence of HCC, and its actions are possibly mediated by TGF-ß1.
Project description:Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are emerging as important regulators during tumorigenesis by serving as competing endogenous RNAs (ceRNAs). In this study, the qRT-PCR results indicated that the lncRNA protein disulfide isomerase family A member 3 pseudogene 1 (PDIA3P) was overexpressed in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and decreased the survival rate of OSCC patients. CCK-8 and clonal colony formation assays were used to detect the effects of PDIA3P on proliferation. Results revealed that silencing PDIA3P by small interfering RNA (siRNA) inhibited OSCC cell proliferation and repressed tumor growth and reduced the expression of proliferation antigen Ki-67 in vivo. Furthermore, the interaction between PDIA3P and miRNAs was then analyzed by qRT-PCR and luciferase reporter gene assay. We found that PDIA3P negatively regulated miR-185-5p in OSCC cells. Simultaneously, we found that silencing PDIA3P by siRNA suppressed proliferation via miR-185-5p in OSCC cells. Moreover, silencing PDIA3P by siRNA inhibited CCND2 protein (no influence on mRNA levels) expression via miR-185-5p in OSCC cells, and CCND2 facilitated cell proliferation of SCC4 and SCC15 cells induced by sh-PDIA3P#1. Therefore, our study demonstrated that PDIA3P may be a therapeutic target for the treatment of OSCC.
Project description:Background:Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) at early stages can be misdiagnosed as an oral ulcer (OU) due to similar symptoms, such as chronic and indurated ulcer. LncRNA NCK1-AS1 has been characterized as a key player in cervical cancer, while its role in OSCC is unknown. Methods:All participants were selected at Jiangxi Province Tumor Hospital from December 2016 to December 2018. Expression levels of NCK1-AS1 and miR-100 in plasma from both OSCC and OU patients were measured by RT-qPCR. Diagnostic analysis was performed through ROC curve. Potential interactions between NCK1-AS1 and miR-100 were detected by cell transfection experiments. Cell invasion and migration were assessed by Transwell assays. Results:The expression of NCK1-AS1 was upregulated in early-stage OSCC patients but not in OU patients. Upregulation of NCK1-AS1 distinguished OSCC patients from OU patients. The expression of miR-100 was inversely correlated with the expression of NCK1-AS1. Overexpression of NCK1-AS1 was followed by promoted OSCC cell invasion and migration. Overexpression of miR-100 did not affect the expression of NCK1-AS1 but inhibited the role of NCK1-AS1. Conclusions:Therefore, NCK1-AS1 may promote the metastasis of OSCC by downregulating miR-100.
Project description:Introduction:The present study was carried out to explore the functionality of lncRNA NCK1-AS1 in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Methods:Levels of NCK1-AS1 were measured by performing qPCR and were compared by ANOVA (one-way) performed in combination with Tukey's test. Expression levels of miR-135a in plasma of NPC patients were measured by performing qPCR. The effects of transfections on the invasion and migration of C666-1 cells were analyzed by Transwell assays. Results and discussion:In the present study, we found that the plasma levels of NCK1-AS1 were significantly higher in NPC patients than the levels in patients with arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), as well as healthy participants. No significant difference in plasma levels of NCK1-AS1 was found between TMJ patients and healthy participants. Upregulation of NCK1-AS1 distinguished NPC patients from TMJ patients and healthy participants. A significant and inverse correlation between NCK1-AS1 and miR-135a was found in NPC patients. NCK1-AS1 siRNA silencing led to the upregulation of miR-135a. NCK1-AS1 siRNA silencing and miR-135a overexpression resulted in inhibited cell migration and invasion, and miR-135a inhibition attenuated the effects of NCK1-AS1 siRNA silencing. Conclusion:The downregulation of lncRNA NCK1-AS1 inhibited cancer cell migration and invasion in NPC by upregulating miR-135a.
Project description:Multiple studies have unveiled that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play a pivotal role in tumour progression and metastasis. However, the biological role of lncRNA ZEB1-AS1 in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains under investigation, and thus, the current study was to investigate the functions of ZEB1-AS1 in proliferation and invasion of ESCC. Here, we discovered that ZEB1-AS1 and ZEB1 were markedly up-regulated in ESCC tissues and cells relative to their corresponding normal control. ZEB1-AS1 and ZEB1 overexpressions were both related to TNM staging and lymph node metastasis as well as poor prognosis in ESCC. The hypomethylation of ZEB1-AS1 promoter triggered ZEB1-AS1 overexpression in ESCC tissues and cells. In addition, ZEB1-AS1 knockdown mediated by siRNA markedly suppressed the proliferation and invasion in vitro in EC9706 and TE1 cells, which was similar with ZEB1 siRNA treatment, coupled with EMT alterations including the up-regulation of E-cadherin level as well as the down-regulation of N-cadherin and vimentin levels. Notably, ZEB1-AS1 depletion dramatically down-regulated ZEB1 expression in EC9706 and TE1 cells, and ZEB1 overexpression obviously reversed the inhibitory effects of proliferation and invasion triggered by ZEB1-AS1 siRNA. ZEB1-AS1 shRNA evidently inhibited tumour growth and weight, whereas ZEB1 elevation partly recovered the tumour growth in ESCC EC9706 and TE1 xenografted nude mice. In conclusion, ZEB1-AS1 overexpression is tightly involved in the development and progression of ESCC, and it exerts the antitumour efficacy by regulating ZEB1 level in ESCC.