Long non-coding RNA NR2F1-AS1 promoted proliferation and migration yet suppressed apoptosis of thyroid cancer cells through regulating miRNA-338-3p/CCND1 axis.
ABSTRACT: Thyroid cancer (TC) is a prevalent endocrine malignant cancer whose pathogenic mechanism remains unclear. The aim of the study was to investigate the roles of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) NR2F1-AS1/miRNA-338-3P/CCND1 axis in TC progression. Differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs in TC tissues were screened out and visualized by R program. Relative expression of NR2F1-AS1, miRNA-338-3p and cyclin D1 (CCND1) was determined by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction. In addition, Western blot analysis was adopted for evaluation of protein expression of CCND1. Targeted relationships between NR2F1-AS1 and miRNA-338-3p, as well as miRNA-338-3p and CCND1 were predicted using bioinformatics analysis and validated by dual-luciferase reporter gene assay. Besides, tumour xenograft assay was adopted for verification of the role of NR2F1-AS1 in TC in vivo. NR2F1-AS1 and CCND1 were overexpressed, whereas miRNA-338-3p was down-regulated in TC tissues and cell lines. Down-regulation of NR2F1-AS1 and CCND1 suppressed proliferation and migration of TC cells yet greatly enhanced cell apoptotic rate. Silence of NR2F1-AS1 significantly suppressed TC tumorigenesis in vivo. NR2F1-AS1 sponged miRNA-338-3p to up-regulate CCND1 expression to promote TC progression. Our study demonstrated that up-regulation of NR2F1-AS1 accelerated TC progression through regulating miRNA-338-3P/CCND1 axis.
Project description:Thyroid cancer (TC) is a frequently occurring malignant tumor with a rising steadily incidence. microRNA (miRNA/miR)?193a?3p is an miRNA that is associated with tumors, playing a crucial role in the genesis and progression of various cancers. However, the expression levels of miR?193a?3p and its molecular mechanisms in TC remain to be elucidated. The present study aimed to probe the expression of miR?193a?3p and its clinical significance in TC, including its underlying molecular mechanisms. Microarray and RNA sequencing data gathered from three major databases, specifically Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), ArrayExpress and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) databases, and the relevant data from the literature were used to examine miR?193a?3p expression. Meta?analysis was also conducted to evaluate the association between clinicopathological parameters and miR?193a?3p in 510 TC and 59 normal samples from the TCGA database. miRWalk 3.0, and the TCGA and GEO databases were used to predict the candidate target genes of miR?193a?3p. Gene Ontology, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes and protein?protein interaction network enrichment analyses were conducted by using the predicted candidate target genes to investigate the underlying carcinogenic mechanisms. A dual luciferase assay was performed to validate the targeting regulatory association between the most important hub gene cyclin D1 (CCND1) and miR?193a?3p. miR?193a?3p expression was considerably downregulated in TC compared with in the non?cancer controls (P<0.001). The area under the curve of the summary receiver operating characteristic was 0.80. Downregulation of miR?193a?3p was also significantly associated with age, sex and metastasis (P=0.020, 0.044 and 0.048, respectively). Bioinformatics analysis indicated that a low miR?193a?3p expression may augment CCND1 expression to affect the biological processes of TC. In addition, CCND1, as a straightforward target, was validated through a dual luciferase assay. miR?193a?3p and CCND1 may serve as prognostic biomarkers of TC. Finally, miR?193a?3p may possess a crucial role in the genesis and progression of TC by altering the CCND1 expression.
Project description:The tenacity of late recurrence of estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer remains a major clinical issue to overcome. The administration of endocrine therapies within the first 5 years substantially minimizes the risk of relapse; however, some tumors reappear 10-20 years after the initial diagnosis. Accumulating evidence has strengthened the notion that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are associated with cancer in various respects. Because lncRNAs may display high tissue/cell specificity, we hypothesized this might provide new insights to tumor recurrence. By comparing transcriptome profiles of 24 clinical primary tumors obtained from patients who developed distant metastases and patients with no signs of recurrence, we identified lncRNA NR2F1-AS1 whose expression was associated with tumor recurrence. We revealed the relationship between NR2F1-AS1 and the hormone receptor expressions in ER-positive breast cancer cells. Gain of function of NR2F1-AS1 steered cancer cells into quiescence-like state by the upregulation of dormancy inducers and pluripotency markers, and activates representative events of the metastatic cascade. Our findings implicated NR2F1-AS1 in the dynamics of tumor recurrence in ER-positive breast cancers and introduce a new biomarker that holds a therapeutic potential, providing favorable prospects to be translated into the clinical field.
Project description:Although 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) is associated with early-life behavioral abnormalities, affected individuals are also at high risk for the development of schizophrenia symptoms, including psychosis, later in life. Auditory thalamocortical (TC) projections recently emerged as a neural circuit that is specifically disrupted in mouse models of 22q11DS (hereafter referred to as 22q11DS mice), in which haploinsufficiency of the microRNA (miRNA)-processing-factor-encoding gene Dgcr8 results in the elevation of the dopamine receptor Drd2 in the auditory thalamus, an abnormal sensitivity of thalamocortical projections to antipsychotics, and an abnormal acoustic-startle response. Here we show that these auditory TC phenotypes have a delayed onset in 22q11DS mice and are associated with an age-dependent reduction of miR-338-3p, a miRNA that targets Drd2 and is enriched in the thalamus of both humans and mice. Replenishing depleted miR-338-3p in mature 22q11DS mice rescued the TC abnormalities, and deletion of Mir338 (which encodes miR-338-3p) or reduction of miR-338-3p expression mimicked the TC and behavioral deficits and eliminated the age dependence of these deficits. Therefore, miR-338-3p depletion is necessary and sufficient to disrupt auditory TC signaling in 22q11DS mice, and it may mediate the pathogenic mechanism of 22q11DS-related psychosis and control its late onset.
Project description:Background:Thyroid cancer (TC) is a member of common malignant tumors in endocrine system. To develop effective treatment, further comprehension of understanding molecular mechanism in TC is necessary. In this research, we attempted to search the underlying molecular mechanism in TC. Methods:ZEB1-AS1 expression was analyzed via qRT-PCR analysis. CCK-8, colony formation, flow cytometry and TUNEL assays were used to evaluate TC cell growth. The interaction between miR-133a-3p and LPAR3, EGFR and ZEB1-AS1 was testified through using RNA pull down and luciferase reporter assays. Results:LPAR3 and EGFR were expressed at high levels in TC tissues and cell lines. Besides, both LPAR3 and EGFR could promote TC cell growth. Later, miR-133a-3p was searched as an upstream gene of LPAR3 and EGFR, and LPAR3 could partially rescue the suppressive effect of miR-133a-3p overexpression on TC progression, whereas the co-transfection of LPAR3 and EGFR completely restored the inhibition. Next, ZEB1-AS1 was confirmed as a sponge of miR-133a-3p. ZEB1-AS1 has a negative correlation with miR-133a-3p and a positive association with LPAR3 and EGFR through ceRNA analysis. Importantly, ZEB1-AS1 boosted the proliferation and suppressed the apoptosis in TC cells. Through restoration assays, we discovered that ZEB1-AS1 regulated LPAR3 and EGFR expression to mediate TC cell proliferation and apoptosis by sponging miR-133a-3p. Further investigation also indicated the oncogenic role of ZEB1-AS1 by mediating PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway. Conclusions:ZEB1-AS1 could be an underlying biomarker in TC.
Project description:Retinoblastoma (RB) is one of the most common ophthalmic tumors, and most of the patients have been identified as advanced at the time of diagnosis, which is directly related to high mortality. Recent studies showed that long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) and miRNAs play key roles in the development?progression?or treatment of cancer, such as RB. However, the role of lncRNA -TP73-AS1 in RB remains unclear. In this study, we performed functional and mechanistic investigation of miRNA-874-3p-TP73-AS1 interaction in RB. The experiments results revealed that miRNA-874-3p had anti-oncogenic functions in RB. Moreover, the bioinformatics analysis shown that TP73-AS1 could bind to miRNA-874-3p. TP73-AS1 was inversely correlated with miRNA-874-3p expression. Furthermore, studies confirmed that TP73-AS1 negatively regulated miRNA-874-3p expression via functioning as a ceRNA. In a word, our results suggest that the TP73-AS1/ miRNA-874-3p / TFAP2B (transcription factor activating enhancer-binding protein 2B) pathway contributes to the progression of RB, which may provide novel insights into the function of lncRNA-driven retinoblastogenesis. Graphical abstract.
Project description:Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a type of refractory malignant lung cancer with a high rate of metastasis and mortality. Currently, long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) SBF2 Antisense RNA 1 (SBF2-AS1) is considered as a biomarker for a variety of tumors. However, the function of SBF2-AS1 in the growth and metastasis of NSCLC needs to be further studied. In this study, we revealed that SBF2-AS1 was overexpressed in NSCLC tissues compared with that in normal tissues. SBF2-AS1 silencing restrained the growth and aggressive phenotypes of NSCLC cell in vitro. Consistently, SBF2-AS1 knockdown hindered the growth of NSCLC cell in nude mice. The following luciferase reporter gene assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) assay suggested the relationship between miR-338-3p and SBF2-AS1. The rescue experiments showed that miR-338-3p inhibitor abolished SBF2-AS1 silencing caused inhibition on the growth, migration and invasiveness of NSCLC cell. The luciferase reporter assay and immunoblotting assay validated that A Disintegrin and Metalloprotease 17 (ADAM17) was a target of miR-338-3p. In addition, SBF2-AS1 positively regulated the level of ADAM17 through sponging for miR-338-3p. Finally, we revealed that SBF2-AS1 contributed to the proliferation and metastatic phenotypes of NSCLC cell via regulating miR-338-3p/ADAM17 axis.
Project description:The present study was aimed to unravel the inhibitory mechanisms of curcumin for lung cancer metastasis via constructing a miRNA-transcription factor (TF)-target gene network. Differentially expressed miRNAs between human high-metastatic non-small cell lung cancer 95D cells treated with and without curcumin were identified using a TaqMan human miRNA array followed by real-time PCR, out of which, the top 6 miRNAs (miR-302b-3p, miR-335-5p, miR-338-3p, miR-34c-5p, miR-29c-3p and miR-34a-35p) with more verified target genes and TFs than other miRNAs as confirmed by a literature review were selected for further analysis. The miRecords database was utilized to predict the target genes of these 6 miRNAs, TFs of which were identified based on the TRANSFAC database. The findings of the above procedure were used to construct a miRNA-TF-target gene network, among which miR-34a-5p, miR-34c-5p and miR-302b-3p seemed to regulate CCND1, WNT1 and MYC to be involved in Wnt signaling pathway through the LEF1 transcription factor. Therefore, we suggest miR-34a-5p/miR-34c-5p/miR-302b-3p -LEF1-CCND1/WNT1/MYC axis may be a crucial mechanism in inhibition of lung cancer metastasis by curcumin.
Project description:Both nuclear receptor subfamily 2 group F member 1 (NR2F1) and microRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to play critical roles in the developing and functional inner ear. Based on previous studies suggesting interplay between NR2F1 and miRNAs, we investigated the coregulation between NR2F1 and miRNAs to better understand the regulatory mechanisms of inner ear development and functional maturation.Using a bioinformatic approach, we identified 11 potential miRNAs that might coregulate target genes with NR2F1 and analyzed their targets and potential roles in physiology and disease. We selected 6 miRNAs to analyze using quantitative real-time (qRT) -PCR and found that miR-140 is significantly down-regulated by 4.5-fold (P=0.004) in the inner ear of NR2F1 knockout (Nr2f1(-/-)) mice compared to wild-type littermates but is unchanged in the brain. Based on this, we performed chromatin-immunoprecipitation followed by qRT-PCR and confirmed that NR2F1 directly binds and regulates both miR-140 and Klf9 in vivo. Furthermore, we performed luciferase reporter assay and showed that miR-140 mimic directly regulates KLF9-3'UTR, thereby establishing and validating an example coregulatory network involving NR2F1, miR-140, and Klf9.We have described and experimentally validated a novel tissue-dependent coregulatory network for NR2F1, miR-140, and Klf9 in the inner ear and we propose the existence of many such coregulatory networks important for both inner ear development and function.
Project description:Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive primary intracranial tumor of adults and confers a poor prognosis due to high vascularization. Hence anti-angiogenic therapy has become a promising strategy for GBM treatment. In this study, the transcription factor nuclear factor of activated T-cells 5 (NFAT5) was significantly elevated in glioma samples and GBM cell lines, and positively correlated with glioma WHO grades. Knockdown of NFAT5 inhibited GBM cell-driven angiogenesis. Furthermore, long non-coding RNA SBF2 antisense RNA 1 (SBF2-AS1) was upregulated in glioma samples and knockdown of SBF2-AS1 impaired GBM-induced angiogenesis. Downregulation of NFAT5 decreased SBF2-AS1 expression at transcriptional level. In addition, knockdown of SBF2-AS1 repressed GBM cell-driven angiogenesis via enhancing the inhibitory effect of miR-338-3p on EGF like domain multiple 7 (EGFL7). In vivo study demonstrated that the combination of NFAT5 knockdown and SBF2-AS1 knockdown produced the smallest xenograft volume and the lowest microvessel density. NFAT5/SBF2-AS1/miR-338-3p/EGFL7 pathway may provide novel targets for glioma anti-angiogenic treatment.
Project description:Optic nerve atrophy and hypoplasia can be primary disorders or can result from trans-synaptic degeneration arising from cerebral visual impairment (CVI). Here we report six individuals with CVI and/or optic nerve abnormalities, born after an uneventful pregnancy and delivery, who have either de novo heterozygous missense mutations in NR2F1, also known as COUP-TFI, or deletions encompassing NR2F1. All affected individuals show mild to moderate intellectual impairment. NR2F1 encodes a nuclear receptor protein that regulates transcription. A reporter assay showed that missense mutations in the zinc-finger DNA-binding domain and the putative ligand-binding domain decrease NR2F1 transcriptional activity. These findings indicate that NR2F1 plays an important role in the neurodevelopment of the visual system and that its disruption can lead to optic atrophy with intellectual disability.