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Fak silencing impairs osteogenic differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells induced by uniaxial mechanical stretch.

ABSTRACT: Background/purpose:Mechanical stretch plays a key role in promoting proliferation and differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in distraction osteogenesis (DO). A better understanding of how the extracellular biomechanical stimulation is transferred to intracellular signal expression will benefit DO. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is a key factor in integrin signaling pathway. However, little is known about the effect of integrin-FAK signaling during the process of stretch induced osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. Materials and methods:A specific short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) lentiviral expression vector was used to silence Fak gene and a well-established in vitro uniaxial dynamic stretching device was applied to stimulate DO. Fak silencing was confirmed by fluorescence microscopy and the detection of Fak mRNA and FAK, p-FAK protein expression. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, expression of osteogenic differentiation markers - runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2/Runx2) and alkaline phosphatase (Alp) together with integrin upstream signal transduction molecules integrin beta-1 (ITGB1/Itgb1) and downstream signal transduction molecules integrin-linked kinase (ILK) were detected after the stretch. Results:The results showed that mechanical stretch in control groups significantly induced the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs with increased ALP activity, expression of RUNX2/Runx2 and Alp, together with upregulated ITGB1/Itgb1 and ILK, which all vanished in Fak silencing group. Conclusion:Silencing of the Fak gene inhibited the osteogenic differentiation of rat BMSCs induced by in vitro mechanical stretch through integrin signaling pathway.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6739265 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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