Dataset Information


Differentiating Asymptomatic Bacteriuria From Urinary Tract Infection in the Pediatric Neurogenic Bladder Population: NGAL As a Promising Biomarker.

ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate whether urinary antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) can discriminate between asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) and urinary tract infection (UTI) in pediatric patients with neurogenic bladder (NGB). Design/Methods: Bladder urine was collected from pediatric patients (?18 years old) with NGB without augmentation cystoplasty. Patients were divided into the following groups based on symptomatology and results of urinalysis/urine culture: (a) UTI, (b) ASB, and (c) sterile. Urine AMPs ? defense 1 (BD-1), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), cathelicidin (LL-37), hepatocarcinoma-intestine-pancreas/pancreatitis-associated protein (HIP/PAP), and human ? defensin 5 (HD-5) were compared between groups by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. In addition, urines from pediatric controls without NGB or UTI were also analyzed. Significance was determined using Student's t test for parametric or Mann-Whitney U test for nonparametric data. A p value of <.05 was considered significant. Results: Thirty-six patients with NGB from a spinal dysraphism were evaluated: UTI, n = 6; ASB, n = 18; sterile, n = 12. These groups did not differ significantly by age but did significantly differ by gender (p = .0139). NGAL significantly differed between UTI and ASB groups (median 38.5 ng/mg vs 15.5 ng/mg, respectively; p = .0197) with a sensitivity and specificity of 82.4% and 83.3%, respectively. HIP/PAP, BD-1, HD-5, LL-37, and NGAL levels were all significantly higher in sterile NGB urines compared to 17 non-NGB pediatric controls (p < .0001, p = .0020, p = .0035, p = .0006, and p = .0339, respectively). Conclusion: All five urinary AMPs evaluated were significantly elevated in NGB patients compared to controls. NGAL levels may help differentiate between UTI and ASB in pediatric NGB patients.


PROVIDER: S-EPMC6743751 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): 10.3205/id000035

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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