Migration-Prevention Strategy to Fabricate Single-Atom Fe Implanted N-Doped Porous Carbons for Efficient Oxygen Reduction.
ABSTRACT: It is highly desired but challenging to achieve highly active single-atom Fe sites from iron-based metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) for efficient oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) due to the easy aggregation of iron species and formation of the inactive Fe-based particles during pyrolysis. Herein, a facile migration-prevention strategy is developed involving the incorporation of polyaniline (PANI) into the pores of iron porphyrinic-based MOF PCN-224(Fe) and followed by pyrolysis to obtain the single-atom Fe implanted N-doped porous carbons material PANI@PCN-224(Fe)-900. The introduced PANI inside the pores of PCN-224(Fe) not only served as protective fences to prevent the aggregation of the iron species during thermal annealing, but also acted as nitrogen sources to increase the nitrogen content and form Fe-Nx-C active sites. Compared with the pristine PCN-224(Fe) derived carbonization sample containing Fe-based particles, the carbonaceous material PANI@PCN-224(Fe)-900 without inactive Fe-based particles exhibited superb ORR electrocatalytic activity with a more positive half-wave potential, significantly improved stability in both alkaline media, and more challenging acidic condition. The migration-prevention strategy provides a new way to fabricate atomically dispersed metal active sites via pyrolysis approach for promoting catalysis.
PROVIDER: S-EPMC6750073 | BioStudies |