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Oxidative stress-responsive apoptosis inducing protein (ORAIP) plays a critical role in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury.

ABSTRACT: Oxidative stress is known to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of various disorders, especially in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. We identified an apoptosis-inducing humoral factor and named this novel post translationally modified secreted form of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A (eIF5A) "oxidative stress-responsive apoptosis inducing protein" (ORAIP). The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of ORAIP in the mechanisms of cerebral I/R injury. Hypoxia/reoxygenation induced expression of ORAIP in cultured rat cerebral neurons, resulting in extensive apoptosis of these cells, which was largely suppressed by neutralizing anti-ORAIP monoclonal antibody (mAb) in vitro. Recombinant-ORAIP induced extensive apoptosis of cerebral neurons. Cerebral I/R induced expression of ORAIP in many neurons in a rat tandem occlusion model in vivo. In addition, we analyzed the effects of intracerebroventricular administration of neutralizing anti-ORAIP mAb on the development of cerebral infarction. Cerebral I/R significantly increased ORAIP levels in cerebrospinal fluid. Treatment with intracerebroventricular administration of neutralizing anti-ORAIP mAb reduced infarct volume by 72%, and by 55% even when started after reperfusion. These data strongly suggest that ORAIP plays a pivotal role and will offer a critical therapeutic target for cerebral I/R injury induced by thrombolysis and thrombectomy for acute ischemic stroke.

SUBMITTER: Kishimoto M 

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6751213 | BioStudies | 2019-01-01

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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