Dataset Information


RNA Binding Protein CELF2 Regulates Signal-Induced Alternative Polyadenylation by Competing with Enhancers of the Polyadenylation Machinery.

ABSTRACT: The 3' UTR (UTR) of human mRNAs plays a critical role in controlling protein expression and function. Importantly, 3' UTRs of human messages are not invariant for each gene but rather are shaped by alternative polyadenylation (APA) in a cell state-dependent manner, including in response to T cell activation. However, the proteins and mechanisms driving APA regulation remain poorly understood. Here we show that the RNA-binding protein CELF2 controls APA of its own message in a signal-dependent manner by competing with core enhancers of the polyadenylation machinery for binding to RNA. We further show that CELF2 binding overlaps with APA enhancers transcriptome-wide, and almost half of 3' UTRs that undergo T cell signaling-induced APA are regulated in a CELF2-dependent manner. These studies thus reveal CELF2 to be a critical regulator of 3' UTR identity in T cells and demonstrate an additional mechanism for CELF2 in regulating polyadenylation site choice.

PROVIDER: S-EPMC6752737 | BioStudies |

REPOSITORIES: biostudies

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